The Chinese Banquet and Table Manners 中國的宴席與餐桌禮儀

The meal in China usually begins with a set of at least four cold dishes, to be followed by the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes. Soup then will be served ( unless in Guangdong style restaurants ) to be followed by staple food ranging from rice, noddles or dumplings. If you wish to have your rice to go with other dishes, you should say so in good time, for most of the Chinese choose to have the staple food at least or have noon if them at all.
Perhaps one of the things that surprise a Western visitor most is that some of the Chinese hosts like to put food into the plates of their guests. In formal dinners, there are always “public” chopsticks and spoons for this purpose, but some hosts may use their own chopsticks. This is a sign of genuine friendship and politeness. It is always polite to eat the food.
People in China tend to over-order food, for they will find embarrassing if all the food is consumed. When you have had enough, just say so. Or you will always overeat!

中國的宴席通常至少以四道涼菜開始,接下來就是主菜,熱的葷菜和素菜。然後才上湯(除非是廣東餐廳)和主食、米飯、麵條和餃子。如果你想要米飯和其他的菜一起吃,你應該在適當的時候提出來,因為大多數中國人會選擇最後吃主食或一點也不吃。
也許讓西方客人覺得奇怪的是有些中國主人會往客人的碗裏夾菜。在正式的宴席中,都會有公筷和勺子,但有些主人還是會用他們自己的筷子。這是表示真正的友誼和禮貌的方式。吃完食物才證明你是有禮貌的。
中國人總是點多了菜,因為他們會覺得如果食物吃完了會很不好意思。如果你已經吃飽了,你就說出來,不然你會吃撐的。

zhōng guó de yàn xí yǔ cān zhuō lǐ yí

zhōng guó de yàn xí tōng cháng zhì shǎo yǐ sì dào liáng cài kāi shǐ ,jiē xià lái jiù shì zhǔ cài ,rè de hūn cài hé sù cài 。rán hòu cái shàng tāng (chú fēi shì guǎng dōng cān tīng )hé zhǔ shí 、mǐ fàn 、miàn tiáo hé jiǎo zǐ 。rú guǒ nǐ xiǎng yào mǐ fàn hé qí tā de cài yī qǐ chī ,nǐ yīng gāi zài shì dāng de shí hòu tí chū lái ,yīn wéi dà duō shù zhōng guó rén huì xuǎn zé zuì hòu chī zhǔ shí huò yī diǎn yě bù chī 。
yě xǔ ràng xī fāng kè rén jué dé qí guài de shì yǒu xiē zhōng guó zhǔ rén huì wǎng kè rén de wǎn lǐ jiá cài 。zài zhèng shì de yàn xí zhōng ,dōu huì yǒu gōng kuài hé sháo zǐ ,dàn yǒu xiē zhǔ rén hái shì huì yòng tā men zì jǐ de kuài zǐ 。zhè shì biǎo shì zhēn zhèng de yǒu yì hé lǐ mào de fāng shì 。chī wán shí wù cái zhèng míng nǐ shì yǒu lǐ mào de 。
zhōng guó rén zǒng shì diǎn duō le cài ,yīn wéi tā men huì jué dé rú guǒ shí wù chī wán le huì hěn bú hǎo yì sī 。rú guǒ nǐ yǐ jīng chī bǎo le ,nǐ jiù shuō chū lái ,bú rán nǐ huì chī chēng de 。