Mandarin Intermediate Course – Chinese people income has increased a lot

Mandarin Intermediate Course – Chinese people income has increased a lot

A: 聽說最近中國人的收入每年都在增加啊,你在中國生活感受得到嗎?

B: 是的,中國人最近的收入的確增加了不少,但是物價也不便宜啊,而且人均收入增幅逐漸遞減。

A: 那又是為什麼呢?

B: 因為中國的改革始於農村,農村居民更容易分享到改革初期的成果。當然,另外一個重要的原因是,改革前的農村處於赤貧狀態,過低的基數使得增長幅度容易大。在過去的叁十年裏,人均收入的增幅在逐漸遞減。即使剔除物價因素,這個結論也基本成立。在最近的十年,這個現象尤為突出。

A: 那你覺得人們生活水平是不是提高了很多呢?

B: 提高了這是事實,但是還有一些別的問題存在。

A: 什麼問題呢,你有什麼好建議嗎?

B: 我覺得,國民若不能充分分享經濟活動之增長,這一方面可能會加深社會沖突;另一方面,會影響總需求,進而對經濟發展造成不利。第二, 稅賦過高,非國之福。此外,稅收本身應納入國民監督之中,否則容易形成國民財富之淨損失。另外, 在分配上過多地向資本傾斜,恐亦非國家社會之福。

A: tīng shuō zuì jìn zhōng guó rén de shōu rù měi nián dōu zài zēng jiā ā ,nǐ zài zhōng guó shēng huó gǎn shòu dé dào ma ?

B: shì de ,zhōng guó rén zuì jìn de shōu rù de què zēng jiā liǎo bù shǎo ,dàn shì wù jià yě bù biàn yí ā ,ér qiě rén jūn shōu rù zēng fú zhú jiàn dì jiǎn 。

A: nà yòu shì wéi shí me ne ?

B: yīn wéi zhōng guó de gǎi gé shǐ yū nóng cūn ,nóng cūn jū mín gēng róng yì fēn xiǎng dào gǎi gé chū qī de chéng guǒ 。dāng rán ,lìng wài yī gè zhòng yào de yuán yīn shì ,gǎi gé qián de nóng cūn chǔ yū chì pín zhuàng tài ,guò dī de jī shù shǐ de zēng zhǎng fú dù róng yì dà 。zài guò qù de sān shí nián lǐ ,rén jūn shōu rù de zēng fú zài zhú jiàn dì jiǎn 。jí shǐ tī chú wù jià yīn sù ,zhè gè jié lùn yě jī běn chéng lì 。zài zuì jìn de shí nián ,zhè gè xiàn xiàng yóu wéi tū chū 。

A: nà nǐ jué dé rén men shēng huó shuǐ píng shì bú shì tí gāo le hěn duō ne ?

B: tí gāo le zhè shì shì shí ,dàn shì hái yǒu yī xiē bié de wèn tí cún zài 。

A: shí me wèn tí ne ,nǐ yǒu shí me hǎo jiàn yì ma ?

B: wǒ jué de ,guó mín ruò bù néng chōng fèn fēn xiǎng jīng jì huó dòng zhī zēng zhǎng ,zhè yī fāng miàn kě néng huì jiā shēn shè huì chōng tū ;lìng yī fāng miàn ,huì yǐng xiǎng zǒng xū qiú ,jìn ér duì jīng jì fā zhǎn zào chéng bù lì 。dì èr , shuì fù guò gāo ,fēi guó zhī fú 。cǐ wài ,shuì shōu běn shēn yìng nà rù guó mín jiān dū zhī zhōng ,fǒu zé róng yì xíng chéng guó mín cái fù zhī jìng sǔn shī 。lìng wài , zài fēn pèi shàng guò duō dì xiàng zī běn qīng xié ,kǒng yì fēi guó jiā shè huì zhī fú 。

A: I have heard that recently the Chinese people’s income has increased every year, can you feel it when you live in China?

B: Yes, the Chinese people’s income did increased a lot, but the product price is not cheap, but the per capital income growth rate is gradually decreasing.

A: Why is that?

B: Because China’s reform started in rural areas, rural residents easier to share the fruits of reform and early. Of course, another important reason is, before the reform in rural areas live in extreme poverty, the low base growth rate easily. Triple decade, per capita income growth in gradually decreasing. Even excluding the price factor, this conclusion is the basic set up. In the last decade, this phenomenon is particularly prominent.

A: Do you think people’s living standard is improved a lot?

B: improved, this is true, but there are some other problems.

A: What problems do they have do you have any good recommendations?

B: I think. National, if not share fully in the growth of economic activities, this may deepen social conflict; the other hand, it will affect aggregate demand, thereby adversely on economic development. Second, taxes are too high, non-country a blessing. In addition, the tax should be included among the national supervision or easy to form a net loss of national wealth. In addition, in the allocation of too much in favor of the capital, fear nor a national blessing to the community.


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