Lushan Mountain, World Scenic Location(4) 廬山,走向世界的中國名勝(4)

Abundant animals and plants: Lushan has numerous species, including 33 kinds of beasts, 171 birds, over 2000 insects in which 33 are named after the mountain or first discovered there. Nine species are listed in the first grade of national protection and 21 the second. Covered with dense forest, Lushan Mountain is also rich in botanical resources. It has forest coverage of 76.6% and vegetation coverage of over 90%. Among 3000 kinds of plants, there are 2155 wild plants and 40 first discovered ij Lushan or named after it. There are also 5 kinds of plants in first-grade national protection and 36 in the second grade. Hu Xianxiao, an outstanding botanist, set up Lushan Botanical Garden on the mountain, the first formal botanical garden of higher plants of China.
Geological park: Lushan is a unique horst and fault -block mountain, displaying the primary process of crustal evolvement. There are 7 kinds of rocks and stratums named after the different place names of the Lushan Mountain. It is its various geological structures that make the mountain a natural geological museum. In the thirties of the twentieth century , the geologist Li Siguang constricted his Theory of the Fourth Glacial Epoch on his discovery of the traces of the fourth glacial epoch in Lushan Mountain.

動植物豐富:廬山有豐富的動物資源。獸類33種,鳥類171種;昆蟲2000餘種,以廬山(牯嶺)命名或在廬山首次發現的昆蟲33種;國家一級保護動物9種,二級保護動物21種。廬山森林茂密,植被豐富,森林覆蓋率76.6以上,植被覆蓋率達90%以上。植物3000餘種,其中野生動植物2155種,首次在廬山發現或廬山(牯嶺)命名的植物40種。有國家一級保護植物5種,二級保護植物36種。植物學家胡先嘯在廬山建立了中國第一座正規的高山植物園——廬山植物園。
地質公園:廬山是座獨特的地壘式斷塊山,出露明顯,展現出地殼演化的主要過程。以廬山地名命名的岩石、地層有7種。豐富的地質地貌,使廬山成了一座天然的地質博物館。上世紀三十年代,地質學家李四光在廬山發現中國第四紀冰川遺跡,創立了中國第四紀冰川學說。

lú shān ,zǒu xiàng shì jiè de zhōng guó míng shèng(4)

dòng zhí wù fēng fù :lú shān yǒu fēng fù de dòng wù zī yuán 。shòu lèi 33zhǒng ,niǎo lèi 171zhǒng ;kūn chóng 2000yú zhǒng ,yǐ lú shān (gǔ lǐng )mìng míng huò zài lú shān shǒu cì fā xiàn de kūn chóng 33zhǒng ;guó jiā yī jí bǎo hù dòng wù 9zhǒng ,èr jí bǎo hù dòng wù 21zhǒng 。lú shān sēn lín mào mì ,zhí bèi fēng fù ,sēn lín fù gài lǜ 76.6yǐ shàng ,zhí bèi fù gài lǜ dá 90%yǐ shàng 。zhí wù 3000yú zhǒng ,qí zhōng yě shēng dòng zhí wù 2155zhǒng ,shǒu cì zài lú shān fā xiàn huò lú shān (gǔ lǐng )mìng míng de zhí wù 40zhǒng 。yǒu guó jiā yī jí bǎo hù zhí wù 5zhǒng ,èr jí bǎo hù zhí wù 36zhǒng 。zhí wù xué jiā hú xiān xiào zài lú shān jiàn lì le zhōng guó dì yī zuò zhèng guī de gāo shān zhí wù yuán ——lú shān zhí wù yuán 。
dì zhì gōng yuán :lú shān shì zuò dú tè de dì lěi shì duàn kuài shān ,chū lù míng xiǎn ,zhǎn xiàn chū dì qiào yǎn huà de zhǔ yào guò chéng 。yǐ lú shān dì míng mìng míng de yán shí 、dì céng yǒu 7zhǒng 。fēng fù de dì zhì dì mào ,shǐ lú shān chéng le yī zuò tiān rán de dì zhì bó wù guǎn 。shàng shì jì sān shí nián dài ,dì zhì xué jiā lǐ sì guāng zài lú shān fā xiàn zhōng guó dì sì jì bīng chuān yí jì ,chuàng lì le zhōng guó dì sì jì bīng chuān xué shuō 。


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