Learn English – Why is Sleeping Crucial to athletic performance 睡眠对运动表现至关重要

Learn English - Why is Sleeping Crucial to athletic performance 睡眠对运动表现至关重要

Learn English – 睡眠对运动表现至关重要 Why is Sleeping Crucial to athletic performance 

Sleep is a crucial task required not only to recharge the human body, but for several reasons beyond that, as per the Sleep Foundation. Aside from allowing us to rest, both physically and mentally, it also helps keep us healthy and free of illness. Additionally, it helps the brain process thoughts, concentrate, and retain memories.

根据睡眠基金会的说法,睡眠是一项至关重要的任务,不仅需要给人体充电,而且还有其他一些原因。除了让我们在身体和精神上得到休息外,它还有助于我们保持健康,远离疾病。此外,它还能帮助大脑处理思维、集中注意力和保留记忆。

While sleep is essential for all people, it can be especially significant for athletes. WebMD noted that getting good sleep can help improve an athlete’s speed, accuracy, and reaction time. It is also important in endurance sports like cycling and running, said the Cleveland Clinic.

虽然睡眠对所有人来说都是必不可少的,但它对运动员来说尤其重要。WebMD指出,良好的睡眠有助于提高运动员的速度、准确性和反应时间。克利夫兰诊所表示,在自行车和跑步等耐力运动中也很重要。

Even though sleep is pivotal for athletic performance, the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance suggested many people are not getting enough. They noted that elite athletes need about 8.3 hours of sleep in order to feel rested. However, most of the athletes studied, a whopping 71%, were not meeting this goal.

尽管睡眠对运动表现至关重要,但《国际运动生理学与运动表现杂志》指出,很多人的睡眠不足。文章指出,优秀运动员需要大约8.3小时的睡眠才能感到休息。然而,大多数(高达71%)被研究的运动员没有达到这一目标。

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When it comes to muscle growth and repair, sleep helps with the production of the human growth hormone (hGH), as per Sleep.org. The hGH is released when we go into a deep sleep, also known as stage 3 of non-REM sleep. We become very relaxed, which helps with pain reduction. However, if we don’t sleep enough, hGH is not released as well. Some people might even feel sorer when they wake up.

至于肌肉的生长和修复,睡眠则有助于人体生长激素(hGH)的产生。当我们进入深度睡眠,也就是非快速眼动睡眠的第三阶段时,生长激素就会释放出来。我们会变得非常放松,这样有助于减轻疼痛。然而,如果我们睡眠不足,生长激素就不会释放出来。有些人醒来时甚至会感觉浑身酸疼。

Healthline explained that hGH helps maintain, build, and repair several different tissues, including muscle tissue. It also helps with fat burning and metabolism.

Healthline解释说,生长激素有助于维护、构建和修复几种不同的组织,包括肌肉组织。它还有助于脂肪燃烧和新陈代谢。

Muscle repair is a vital part of building new muscle mass, according to Medical News Today. The outlet explained that muscles grow larger when they are challenged with more resistance or weight because it causes tearing of the muscle fibers. When the body repairs this damage, the muscles grow bigger and stronger, but without enough hGH, it becomes harder to build muscle and heal injuries.

据《今日医学新闻》报道,肌肉修复是构建新肌肉群的重要组成部分。当肌肉受到更大阻力或重量的挑战时,肌肉会变大,因为这会导致肌肉纤维撕裂。当身体修复这种损伤时,肌肉会变得越来越大、越来越强壮,但如果没有足够的生长激素,就很难增肌和愈合损伤。

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