How To Build Up More Vocabularies When You Learn a Language
Those of us who have studied English or other languages should know that vocabulary is the most important part of a language. Without vocabulary, even if you have learned grammar completely, your listening and speaking skills cannot be improved.
If a person has enough vocabulary, it will help a lot in listening. Even if you can’t fully understand the other’s grammar, you can understand roughly what the other person wants to express. The same goes for when you are writing, you must also have enough vocabulary. Many English exams and Chinese exams require you to have a certain vocabulary. For example, the HSK test.
Therefore, accumulating vocabulary and different expressions is the most important task of learning a language. If you have enough vocabulary, you will find it easy to write articles or listen to people’s speech, and there is no pressure at all.
How to improve vocabulary, today we will analyze the specific methods. I hope that after reading this article, you will be helped to your future language learning.
One: Learn from our textbook
The first thing you have to do is to accumulate the words in the text. The texts we learn are carefully selected by experts, and there are many standardized and excellent words for us to learn and accumulate. After we study a unit, we can collect the words we have learned, and select the best ones and put them into the word cards in different categories. The advantage of this is to make it more convenient for students to learn new words, it is very helpful to learn vocabulary, and it is easier to remember the words they have learned.
Two: Read from other books
Accumulate words in extracurricular reading. Extracurricular reading provides us with a broader world for collecting words. We usually read more healthy and beneficial books, including classic fairy tales, stories, poems and excellent essay collections, as well as newspapers and magazines, etc. The words that are beautiful, moving, and full of sense of the times are constantly recorded, and over time we can accumulate more vocabularies.
Three: Read Aloud
Read aloud is helpful when you want to build up vocabularies. After you leave the campus, no one forces you to do vocabulary exercises and homework for learning new words. You will easily stop reading. If you want to expand your vocabulary, you must establish a reading habit and stick to it. Especially when you teach a child, most of the child’s vocabulary is acquired through daily conversations. Parents and children reading together aloud provide valuable additional resources for children to express themselves in new words. Studies have shown that reading picture books can enrich children’s vocabulary more effectively than children’s conversations.
Four: Look up the dictionary
Many people do not have the patience to look up the dictionary when learning English or Chinese, nor do they have the patience to guess the meaning of words. We suggest that you should look up any words you don’t know immediately. When you see a strange word, don’t skip it impatiently. Try to understand its general meaning through the context, and then determine its meaning in the dictionary. Consider sticking to a small notebook and quickly jot down unfamiliar words that you encounter so that you can find them later. If you hear or see a word you don’t know, be sure to look up the meaning of the word.
There are many advantages for looking up the dictionary. For students, the benefits of looking up the dictionary are really great.
First, reduce typos.
Students when they are in their beginner level of learning Chinese have just started writing, and many characters will be ambiguous and seemingly different, which makes it easy to make jokes. If you frequently check the dictionary, you will avoid or reduce the occurrence of typos.
Second, help speak Mandarin well. If you don’t have a good Mandarin speaking environment, your Mandarin speaking might not be standard, children naturally do not have the environment to speak Mandarin. Therefore, although teachers have spoken many characters, they will be revived if they are not consolidated. At this time, you can use the dictionary to help you without a teacher. Under the circumstances, help yourself to correct the tone.
Third, learning to look up the dictionary has greatly improved the children’s reading and writing skills. Imagine you are reading an article, how can you understand it if you don’t know a lot of words in the full text? Given a piece of reading material, students can basically understand the reading ability by himself through looking up the dictionary, and can read it smoothly and fluently.
Five: Use new words:
Use new words. Set goals. If you are committed to building your own vocabulary, set yourself a goal. Try to learn three new words every day and use them in your speech and writing. With conscious effort, you can remember and use thousands of new words. If you cannot use a word effectively and correctly in a sentence, the word will not be included in your vocabulary. Use flashcards or post-it notes on the wall at home. If you want to form the habit of learning new words, try some simple memorizing techniques, as if you were memorizing words for a test. Write the definition of a specific word you want to remember on a post-it note, and post it on the coffee machine, so you can learn while savoring the morning coffee. Mark every plant in your home with a new word, and you can learn while watering it.
Six: Try to write more
Increase the amount of writing. Don’t start writing a journal or blog without being prepared. Strengthening your writing will increase your vocabulary. Use a lot of specific details to write to old friends. If you are used to writing short and informal letters, switch and write longer letters or emails. Just like writing a school essay, spend time and effort writing letters. Make a choice after careful consideration. Consider writing more at work. If you are used to avoid writing memos or group mailings, or participate in a group discussion, change your habits and write more things.
When you write a letter, you will come across sentences that you don’t know how to express, so you will think more. When you encounter words you don’t know how to say, you should look up the dictionary, so that with time, your vocabulary will definitely increase. The more you write, not only your vocabulary will increase, but the expression becomes more and more beautiful and more and more comfortable.
Seven: Play word games:
Play word games. Crossword puzzles are an important tool to increase your knowledge of words, because the creators of crossword puzzles often need a list of uncommon words to ensure the completion of the crossword puzzle and arouse the interest of the puzzle solver. Vocabulary anagrams have various forms, including crossword puzzles, word finding anagrams and Tibetan anagrams. While you enhance your knowledge of words, doing anagram games can also exercise your critical thinking. For word games, try games like Scrabble, Boggle and Cranium, which can expand your vocabulary.
Eight: Build up your vocabulary bank:
If you want to improve your vocabulary, you should start today. If you are a student who has to deal with the exam, you should build a new vocabulary immediately. For example when you take IELTS exams.
The IELTS test theoretically needs to prepare 8000 vocabulary, but the core vocabulary for writing is only a few hundred, but it can handle more than 200 IELTS composition questions, so we must solidly accumulate our own corpus for each given topic. For example, when we write about obesity, we need to analyze the causes and harms of obesity and how to lose weight. At this time, you must not only have opinions, but also understand genetics, over nutrition, poor eating habits, lack of exercise, and aerobic exercise and learn expressions of related vocabulary. Some cultural, environmental, and criminal subjects often tested in IELTS. We should prepare vocabulary of culture, environmental protection and crime in a targeted manner to build our own writing vocabulary corpus.
Learning a language is a long process, we can’t make it happen without patience. This is something that can only be achieved after a long time of hard work and accumulation. Therefore, we must learn to have fun in learning and treat learning as a kind of enjoyment rather than a burden, so that we can learn and can have fun, this is definitely the best way to learn a language.