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Mandarin Lesson

Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the capacity to speak. What is special about Man‘s brain,compared with that of the monkey,is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of,say,a teddy-bear with the sound pattern ’teddy-bear‘。 And even more incredible is the young brain’s ability to pick out an order in language from the hubbub of sound around him,to analyze,to combine and recombine the parts of a language in novel ways.
But speech has to be triggered,and this depends on interaction between the mother and the child,where the mother recognizes the cues and signals in the child‘s babbling,clinging, grasping,crying,smiling,and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the child’s non-verbal cues is essential to the growth and development of language.
近來有證據表明,嬰兒生來就具有講話能力。人的大腦與猿猴的大腦相比,就在於它是一套複雜的系統,比如說,能使嬰兒在見到或摸到玩具熊時,把“玩具熊”與這個詞的音聯車在一起,甚至更加不可思義的是,幼小的腦子能從周圍的喧囂聲中聽出語言表達的某種命令,用種種新奇的方式對某個語言的成份進行分析、組合以及重新組合。

但是幼兒說話要有人逗。這得靠母親和孩子相互影響。母親要善於從孩子的咿咿呀呀中,以及依偎,抓,哭,笑中辨別出不同含意和信號,並且做出反應。母親對孩子的上述信號持冷漠態度會減弱這種相互作用,因為這會使孩子掃興,而發出的只能是些明顯的信號。對孩子的非語言信號是否敏感,這對其語言的增長和發展是至關重要的。

Jìnlái yǒu zhèngjù biǎomíng, yīng’ér shēng lái jiù jùyǒu jiǎnghuà nénglì. Rén de dànǎo yǔ yuánhóu de dànǎo xiāng bǐ, jiù zàiyú tā shì yī tào fùzá de xìtǒng, bǐrú shuō, néng shǐ yīng’ér zài jiàn dào huò mō dào wánjù xióng shí, bǎ “wánjù xióng” yǔ zhège cí de yīn lián chē zài yīqǐ , Shènzhì gèngjiā bùkě sī yì de shì, yòuxiǎo de nǎo zǐ néng cóng zhōuwéi de xuānxiāo shēng zhòng tīng chū yǔyán biǎodá de mǒu zhǒng mìnglìng, yòng zhǒngzhǒng xīnqí de fāngshì duì mǒu gè yǔyán de chéngfèn jìn háng fēnxī, zǔhé yǐjí chóngxīn zǔhé. Dànshì yòu’ér shuōhuà yào yǒurén dòu. Zhè de kào mǔqīn hé hái zǐ xiānghù yǐngxiǎng. Mǔqīn yào shànyú cóng háizi de yī yīyā ya zhōng, yǐjí yīwēi, zhuā, kū, xiào zhōng biànbié chū bùtóng hányì hé xìnhào, bìngqiě zuò chū fǎnyìng. Mǔqīn duì háizi de shàngshù xìnhào chí lěngmò tàidù huì jiǎnruò zhè zhǒng xiānghù zuòyòng, yīnwèi zhèhuì shǐ hái zǐ sǎoxìng, ér fāchū de zhǐ néng shì xiē míngxiǎn de xìnhào. Duì háizi de fēi yǔyán xìnhào shìfǒu mǐngǎn, zhè duì qí yǔyán de zēngzhǎng hé fāzhǎn shì zhì guān zhòngyào de.


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