Buddhist pearl of Hexi Corridor – Dunhuang Mogao Caves (3) 河西走廊的佛教明珠——敦煌莫高窟(3)

The Mogao Caves extant Northern Wei Dynasty to Yuan cavern 735, divides into the north and south two areas. South the area is Mogao Caves’ main doby, is engaged in the religious activities for the clergy the place, some 487 caverns, have the mural or make an idol, but after other is the clergy leads a pious life the place which, the housing and the death buries, ahs life facilities and so on the adobe bed, stove kand, flue, niche, dask lamp. Two areas total 492 cavern existence mural and makes an idol, has the mural 45,000 square meter, the argillaceous painted sculpture 2415, Tang Songmu constructs cliff eave 5, as well as several thousand lotus flower pillars, spread out on the floor the decorative brick and so on.

莫高窟現存北魏至元的洞窟735個,分為南北兩區。南區為莫高窟的主體,為僧侶們從事宗教活動的場所,有487個洞窟,均有壁畫或塑像。北區有248個洞窟,其中只有5個存在壁畫或塑像,而其他的都是僧侶修行、居住和死亡後掩埋的場所。有土炕、灶炕、煙道、壁龕、臺燈等生活設施。兩區共計492個洞窟存在壁畫和塑像,有壁畫4.5萬平方米,泥質彩塑2415尊、唐宋木構崖簷5個,以及數千塊蓮花柱石、鋪地花磚等。

hé xī zǒu láng de fó jiào míng zhū ——dūn huáng mò gāo kū (3)

mò gāo kū xiàn cún běi wèi zhì yuán de dòng kū 735gè ,fèn wéi nán běi liǎng qū 。nán qū wéi mò gāo kū de zhǔ tǐ ,wéi sēng lǚ men cóng shì zōng jiāo huó dòng de chǎng suǒ ,yǒu 487gè dòng kū ,jūn yǒu bì huà huò sù xiàng 。běi qū yǒu 248gè dòng kū ,qí zhōng zhǐ yǒu 5gè cún zài bì huà huò sù xiàng ,ér qí tā de dōu shì sēng lǚ xiū xíng、jū zhù hé sǐ wáng hòu yǎn mái de chǎng suǒ 。yǒu tǔ kàng 、zào kàng 、yān dào 、bì kān 、tái dēng děng shēng huó shè shī 。liǎng qū gòng jì 492gè dòng kū cún zài bì huà hé sù xiàng ,yǒu bì huà 4.5wàn píng fāng mǐ ,ní zhì cǎi sù 2415zūn 、táng sòng mù gòu yá yán 5gè ,yǐ jí shù qiān kuài lián huā zhù shí 、pù dì huā zhuān děng 。


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