Brief Introduction of Traditional Chinese Festival 中國傳統節日簡介

Traditional Chinese festival are mostly occasions for relatives to exchange greetings and for neighbors to pay courtesy calls on each other. Some of them are a social or entertainment nature, so as to create opportunities for scical activities; while some are of a sacrificial nature and evolved from old religious beliefs and sacrificial ceremonies; some are memorial nature associated with important historic events or figures. During the festivals, Chinese people celebrate by hanging up red lantern or Chinese knots. These festive folk customs are an embodiment of 5,000 years of Chinese history. These traditional festivities are hallmarks of our national culture. Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Duan Wu Festival, Qing Ming Festival, Mid-autumn Festival, and Chong Yang Festival of the Han people and several festivals of China’s different minority ethnic groups are the most important and representative festivals in traditional Chinese culture. The festivals, with their long histories, as well as their unique cultural flavors, and their solid roots among the ordinary people, showcase the Chinese concept of morality and life style along with Chinese people’s hope for happiness.

中國傳統節日有的是慶賀性的,親友鄰里於此時相互往來拜賀;有的是社交娛樂性的,為人們提供社會交往的良機;有的是祭祀性的,它們由原先的信仰和祭祀活動演變而來;有的是紀念性的,它們與歷史上重大事件、歷史人物有密切的關聯。人們在節日裏以張燈結綵等各種方式慶賀、聚會、狂歡,種種節日民俗,也是中國5000年曆史文明的世俗體現。傳統節日凝聚起了中華民族文化心理,已經成為了中華文化的凝結與集中體現。依然活躍在中國各個民族的幾十個傳統節日中有春節、元宵節、中秋節、端午節、清明節、重陽節,以及若干少數民族節日,它們是中華傳統文化中最重要,最具代表性的節日。它們的歷史淵源、獨特情趣和深廣的群眾基礎,滲透著中華民族的傳統習慣和道德風尚,寄託著整個民族的憧憬。

zhōng guó chuán tǒng jié rì jiǎn jiè

zhōng guó chuán tǒng jié rì yǒu de shì qìng hè xìng de ,qīn yǒu lín lǐ yú cǐ shí xiāng hù wǎng lái bài hè ;yǒu de shì shè jiāo yú lè xìng de ,wèi rén men tí gòng shè huì jiāo wǎng de liáng jī ;yǒu de shì jì sì xìng de ,tā men yóu yuán xiān de xìn yǎng hé jì sì huó dòng yǎn biàn ér lái ;yǒu de shì jì niàn xìng de ,tā men yǔ lì shǐ shàng zhòng dà shì jiàn 、lì shǐ rén wù yǒu mì qiè de guān lián 。rén men zài jié rì lǐ yǐ zhāng dēng jié cǎi děng gè zhǒng fāng shì qìng hè 、jù huì 、kuáng huān ,zhǒng zhǒng jiē rì mín sú ,yě shì zhōng guó 5000nián lì shǐ wén míng de shì sú tǐ xiàn 。chuán tǒng jiē rì níng jù qǐ le zhōng huá mín zú wén huà xīn lǐ ,yǐ jīng chéng wéi le zhōng huá wén huà de níng jié yǔ jí zhōng tǐ xiàn 。yī rán huó yuè zài zhōng guó gè gè mín zú de jǐ shí gè chuán tǒng jiē rì zhōng yǒu chūn jié 、yuán xiāo jié 、zhōng qiū jié 、duān wǔ jié 、qīng míng jié 、chóng yáng jié ,yǐ jí ruò gàn shǎo shù mín zú jié rì ,tā men shì zhōng huá chuán tǒng wén huà zhōng zuì zhòng yào ,zuì jù dài biǎo xìng de jié rì 。tā men de lì shǐ yuān yuán 、dú tè qíng qù hé shēn guǎng de qún zhòng jī chǔ ,shèn tòu zhe zhōng huá mín zú de chuán tǒng xí guàn hé dào dé fēng shàng ,jì tuō zhe zhěng gè mín zú de chōng jǐng 。