When do we use lè or guò?


When you learn Mandarin, you can find a lots of function words or we called them grammar words sometimes, “lè” and “guò” are two very important grammar words in Mandarin, they indicate action is the past/past tense. But what is the difference? and when do you use guò or lè?

For example, if you want to say, “I  had dinner last night”, you will say “wǒ zuó tiān wǎn shàng chī fàn le“(我昨天晚上吃饭), it’s a past tense sentence.

While, if you want to say “I have been to Beijing”, then you have to say “wǒ qù guò běi jīng” (我去北京), here is past perfect tense.

Understand?

Now, try to translate these sentences into Chinese:
1. I learnt Mandarin yesterday.
2. I have eaten my breakfast.
3. I forgot my book at home.
4. I have said to him already.

xian sheng V.S lao shi

xiān shēng (先生)means Sir, Mister, or Husband.
examaple:
1. tā shì wǒ xiān shēng (他是我先生): He is my husband.
2. wáng xiān shēng ,nǐ hǎo (王先生,你好!)Hello, Mr.Wang.

lǎo shī(老师)is teacher. xiān shēng (先生)meant teacher in ancient time, but now we are not using it that often to call a person xiān shēng (先生)as a teacher!

Learn Chinese Characters

Learn Chinese Characters is important! Since Chinese is a tonal language, when you learn it, you will find out there are many words that pronunce exactly the same! or sometimes same word can pronunce differenly?

Now we will need to learn how to recognize different characters, there are almost 30,000 to 40,000 characters in Chinese, but don’t be afraid, you only need to know 3,000 to 4,000!

With these characters, you can read a book, magazine or even newspaper withour any problems!

Cantonese Learning in Hong Kong

Cantonese is one of the most difficult languages in the world, maybe it is the hardest language! But don’t be afraid, like all languages, it has it’s own system, Cantonese is one of the thousands dialect in China, mainly spoken by people livingin Canton province.

If you are now in Hong Kong or planning to come to Hong Kong and want to speak to the lcoal people here, you need to learn this language, learn Cantonese.

To start learning Cantonese, you need to understand their and 6 tones with different pitches, someone says that Cantonese has 9 tones, yes, that’s true actually, however, there are not many words have the other 3 tones. The Cantonese people will only use 6 tones in their lifes. (sometimes they don’t even what the 6 tones are. :)!