A Treasure-house of East Buddhist Art, A Bridge Pearl of World Culture Heritages(1)東方佛教藝術的寶庫 世界文化遺產的明珠(1)

Longmen Grottoes are distributed on the cliffs along the banks of Yihe River, 13 kilometers south of Luoyang. With an environment of natural beauty, it was promulgated one of the first group of cultural relic units for special protection by the State Council in 1961. In 1982 it was promulgated scenery zones at the national level by the State Council. In November 2000 Longmen Grottoes was inscribed on world Heritage List by UNESCO.
The main larger caves of Northern Wei Dynasty are Guyang Cave, Middle Bingyang Cave, Lotus Cave, Huoshao Cave, Weizi Cave, Shikusi Cave, Putai Cave and Lu Cave, etc. And the main larger caves of Tang Dynasty are Southern Bingyang Cave, Northern Bingyang Cave, Qianxisi Cave, Jingshansi Cave, Ten-thousand Buddha Cave, Shuangyao Cave, Huijian Cave, Grand Buddha Vairocana Niche, Three Leigutau Cave, Gaopingjunwang Cave, Kanjingsi Cave, Tangzi Cave, Jinan Cave, Jingtutang Cave and Moyasanfokan Niche, etc.

龍門石窟位於洛陽市南郊13公里處的伊闕峽谷間,這裏青山綠水,早在1961年即被國務院公佈為全國第一批重點文物保護單位,1982年被國務院公佈為全國第一批國家級風景名勝區。2000年11月,聯合國教科文組織將龍門石窟列入《世界文化遺產名錄》。
龍門北魏時期的大型洞窟,主要有古陽洞、賓陽中洞、蓮花洞、火燒洞、魏字洞、石窟寺及普泰洞、路洞等等。而唐代的主要洞窟則有賓陽南洞、賓陽北洞、潛溪寺、敬善寺、萬佛洞、雙窯、惠簡洞、大盧舍那像龕、擂鼓臺三洞、高平郡王洞、看經寺、唐字洞、極南洞、淨土堂和麻崖三佛龕等等。

dōng fāng fó jiāo yì shù de bǎo kù shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn de míng zhū (1)
lóng mén shí kū wèi yú luò yáng shì nán jiāo 13gōng lǐ chù de yī què xiá gǔ jiān ,zhè lǐ qīng shān lǜ shuǐ ,zǎo zài 1961nián jí bèi guó wù yuàn gōng bù wéi quán guó dì yī pī zhòng diǎn wén wù bǎo hù dān wèi ,1982nián bèi guó wù yuàn gōng bù wéi quán guó dì yī pī guó jiā jí fēng jǐng míng shèng qū 。2000nián 11yuè ,lián hé guó jiào kē wén zǔ zhī jiāng lóng mén shí kū liè rù 《shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn míng lù 》。

lóng mén běi wèi shí qī de dà xíng dòng kū ,zhǔ yào yǒu gǔ yáng dòng 、bīn yáng zhōng dòng 、lián huā dòng 、huǒ shāo dòng 、wèi zì dòng 、shí kū sì jí pǔ tài dòng 、lù dòng děng děng 。ér táng dài de zhǔ yào dòng kū zé yǒu bīn yáng nán dòng 、bīn yáng běi dòng 、qián xī sì 、jìng shàn sì 、wàn fó dòng 、shuāng yáo 、huì jiǎn dòng 、dà lú shě nà xiàng kān 、lèi gǔ tái sān dòng 、gāo píng jun4 wáng dòng 、kàn jīng sì 、táng zì dòng 、jí nán dòng 、jìng tǔ táng hé má yá sān fó kān děng děng 。


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