普通話讀音-拼音班 -如出一轍

Mandarin Lesson

如出一轍

自古以來,出現過許多威名顯赫、功高蓋世的著名將領,然而其中有不少人到了晚年卻以失敗而告終,這都是因為他們居功自傲和輕敵造成的。宋朝學者洪邁寫過一篇讀書隨筆《名將晚謬(miù)》,舉例分析了這一現象。

首先是關羽。三國時期的關羽,是劉備手下的一名猛將。當年他與袁紹作戰時,於萬軍之中親手殺死了袁紹的得力干將顏良、文丑。後來,關羽率軍進攻樊城的魏軍守將曹仁,曹操派出於禁等大將率領七支人馬前去增援,關羽水淹曹魏七軍,活捉了於禁,名震天下,致使曹操都打算把都城遷離許昌,以避開關羽的銳氣。可是,如此智勇雙全的將領,卻沒有領悟到東吳呂蒙、陸遜的欺詐,竟然中了孫權的計謀,敗走麥城,被東吳活捉,死在了孫權的手中。

還有一位是南北朝時期西魏的王思政。當年他鎮守玉壁,被東魏的高歡所包圍。高歡的軍隊,營壘連綿四十多里,最終還是被王思政所打敗。後來王思政遷至荊州,高歡又率大軍前來進攻,雙方對峙五十多天,最後又被王思政所擊敗。可是,後來他不聽別人的建議,以致做了高澄的俘虜。

此外,洪邁還列舉了北齊的慕容紹宗和南朝陳國的吳明徹作為例子。他感慨道:“此四人之過,如出一轍。”

成語“如出一轍”表示好像出自同一個車轍。比喻兩件事情非常相似。轍,車輪碾軋的痕跡。

Rúchūyīzhé

Zìgǔ yǐlái, chūxiànguò xǔduō wēimíng xiǎnhè, gōng gāo gàishì de zhùmíng jiànglǐng, rán’ér qízhōng yǒu bù shǎo rén dàole wǎnnián què yǐ shībài ér gàozhōng, zhè dōu shì yīnwèi tāmen jūgōngzì’ào hé qīngdí zàochéng de. Sòngcháo xuézhě hóng mài xiěguò yī piān dúshū suíbǐ “míngjiàng wǎn miù (miù)”, jǔlì fēnxīle zhè yī xiànxiàng. Shǒuxiān shi guānyǔ. Sānguó shíqí de guānyǔ, shì liúbèi shǒuxià de yī míng měngjiàng. Dāngnián tā yǔ yuánshào zuòzhàn shí, yú wàn jūn zhī zhōng qīnshǒu shā sǐle yuánshào de délì gànjiàng yánliáng, wénchǒu. Hòulái, guānyǔ lǜ jūn jìngōng fánchéng de wèijūn shǒu jiāng cáorén, cáocāo pàichū yújìn děng dàjiàng shuàilǐng qī zhī rénmǎ qián qù zēngyuán, guānyǔ shuǐ yān cáowèi qī jūn, huózhuōle yújìn, míng zhèn tiānxià, zhìshǐ cáocāo dōu dǎsuàn bǎ dūchéng qiān lí xǔchāng , Yǐ bì kāi guānyǔ de ruìqì. Kěshì, rúcǐ zhìyǒng shuāngquán de jiànglǐng, què méiyǒu lǐngwù dào dōng wú lǚméng, lùxùn de qīzhà, jìngrán zhōngle sūnquán de jìmóu, bài zǒu mài chéng, bèi dōng wú huózhuō, sǐ zàile sūnquán de shǒuzhōng. Hái yǒuyī wèi shì nánběicháo shíqí xīwèi de wángsīzhèng. Dāngnián tā zhènshǒu yù bì, bèi dōngwèi de gāo huan suǒ bāowéi. Gāo huan de jūnduì, yínglěi liánmián sìshí duō lǐ, zuìzhōng háishì bèi wáng sī zhèngsuǒ dǎbài. Hòulái wángsīzhèng qiān zhì jīngzhōu, gāo huan yòu lǜ dàjūn qián lái jìngōng, shuāngfāng duìzhì wǔshí duō tiān, zuìhòu yòu bèi wáng sī zhèngsuǒ jíbài. Kěshì, hòulái tā bù tīng biérén de jiànyì, yǐzhì zuòle gāo chéng de fúlǔ. Cǐwài, hóng mài hái lièjǔle běiqí de mùróng shào zōng hé náncháo chén guó de wúmíngchè zuòwéi lìzi. Tā gǎnkǎi dào:“Cǐ sì rén zhīguò, rúchūyīzhé.” Chéngyǔ “rúchūyīzhé” biǎoshì hǎoxiàng chūzì tóng yīgè chēzhé. Bǐyù liǎng jiàn shìqíng fēicháng xiāngsì. Zhé, chēlún niǎn yà de hénjī.

Mandarin language learning HK – I Didn’t Know That I Was So Far Back Already!

Mandarin Lesson

I Didn’t Know That I Was So Far Back Already!

A big battle was going on during the First World War. Guns were firing, and shells and bullets were flying about everywhere. After an hour of this, one of the soldier decided that the fighting was getting too dangerous for him, so he left the front line and began to go away from the battle. After he had walked for an hour, he saw an officer coming towards him. The officer stopped him and said, “Where are you going?”

“I’m trying to get as far away as possible from the battle that’s going on behind us, sir.” the soldier answered.

“Do you know who I am?” the officer said to him angerly. “I’m your commanding officer.”

The soldier was very surprised when he heard this and said, “My God, I didn’t know that I was so far back already!”

 

 

真沒想到我已經往回跑了這麼遠!

第一次世界大戰期間,一場大戰役正在進行。槍砲轟鳴,子彈橫飛。這樣持續了一小時後,有個士兵認為戰鬥太危險了,所以他離開前線,開始逃離戰場。走了一個小時後,他看見一個軍官朝他走過來。軍官攔住他,問道:“你到哪兒去?”

“長官,我正盡力躲開身後正在進行的戰鬥。”士兵回答說。

“你知道我是誰嗎?”軍官生氣地說:“我是你們的指揮官。”

士兵聽了十分驚訝地說:“天哪,真沒想到我已經往回跑了這麼遠!”

 

Zhēn méi xiǎngdào wǒ yǐjīng wǎng huí pǎole zhème yuǎn!

Dì yī cì shìjiè dàzhàn qíjiān, yī chǎng dà zhànyì zhèngzài jìnxíng. Qiāng pào hōngmíng, zǐdàn héng fēi. Zhèyàng chíxùle yī xiǎoshí hòu, yǒu gè shìbīng rènwéi zhàndòu tài wéixiǎnle, suǒyǐ tā líkāi qiánxiàn, kāishǐ táolí zhànchǎng. Zǒuliǎo yīgè xiǎoshí hòu, tā kànjiàn yīgè jūnguān cháo tā zǒu guòlái. Jūnguān lánzhù tā, wèn dào:“Nǐ dào nǎ’er qù?” “Zhǎngguān, wǒ zhèng jìnlì duǒ kāi shēnhòu zhèngzài jìnxíng de zhàndòu.” Shìbīng huídá shuō. “Nǐ zhīdào wǒ shì shuí ma?” Jūnguān shēngqì de shuō:“Wǒ shì nǐmen de zhǐhuī guān.” Shìbīng tīngle shífēn jīngyà de shuō:“Tiān nǎ, zhēn méi xiǎngdào wǒ yǐjīng wǎng huí pǎole zhème yuǎn!”

語文能力 -實用普通話-罄竹難書

Mandarin Lesson

罄竹難書

隋朝末年,隋煬帝驕奢淫逸,揮霍無度,好大喜功,多次勞師遠征高麗,大興土木,破壞農業生產,人民不堪重負,農民起義此起彼伏。越國公楊玄感趁農民起義紛起的時候,起兵反隋,但不久即戰敗被殺。

楊玄感手下的部將李密是個有才能的人,他在分析形勢之後,就投奔了瓦崗起義軍,遊說起義軍首領翟讓聯合全國各地起義軍共同反抗隋煬帝。後來李密在起義軍的地位一步步上升,並最終取得了全軍領導權,被稱為魏公。

李密取得大權後,為了進一步聯合各路起義軍,便在進攻隋都洛陽的時候,發布了一篇討伐隋煬帝的檄(xí)文,號召全國的有識之士聯合起來,共同推翻隋朝的統治。檄文在歷數隋煬帝的殘暴統治、禍國殃民的十大罪狀之後寫道:“罄(qìng)南山之竹,書罪未窮;決東海之波,流毒難盡。”意思是說,把終南山所有的竹子砍來製成竹簡,也寫不完楊廣的罪過;用盡東海的滔滔大水,也沖洗不清他的罪惡。

過了幾年,隋煬帝被部下宇文化及所逼,上吊自殺,隋朝滅亡。隋朝大將李淵建立了唐朝,李密也歸順了唐朝。

成語“罄竹難書”由“罄南山之竹,書罪未窮”縮略而來,人們常用它來形容某些人罪大惡極,所犯的罪行多得寫不完。罄,空、盡,在這裡是用盡的意思;竹,指用竹片製作的竹簡,用於書寫文字;書,寫。

Qìngzhúnánshū

Suí cháo mònián, suí yáng dì jiāoshēyínyì, huīhuò wúdù, hàodàxǐgōng, duō cì láoshī yuǎnzhēng gāolí, dàxīngtǔmù, pòhuài nóngyè shēngchǎn, rénmín bùkān zhòngfù, nóngmín qǐyì cǐqǐbǐfú. Yuè guó gōng yángxuángǎn chèn nóngmín qǐyì fēn qǐ de shíhou, qǐbīng fǎn suí, dàn bùjiǔ jí zhànbài bèi shā. Yángxuángǎn shǒuxià de bù jiāng limì shìgè yǒu cáinéng de rén, tā zài fēnxī xíngshì zhīhòu, jiù tóubènle wǎ gǎng qǐyì jūn, yóushuì qǐyì jūn shǒulǐng dí ràng liánhé quánguó gèdì qǐyì jūn gòngtóng fǎnkàng suí yáng dì. Hòulái limì zài qǐyì jūn dì dìwèi yībù bù shàngshēng, bìng zuìzhōng qǔdéle quán jūn lǐngdǎo quán, bèi chēng wèi wèi gōng. Limì qǔdé dàquán hòu, wèile jìnyībù liánhé gè lù qǐyì jūn, biàn zài jìngōng suí dōu luòyáng de shíhou, fābùle yī piān tǎofá suí yáng dì de xí (xí) wén, hàozhào quánguó de yǒu shí zhī shì liánhé qǐlái, gòngtóng tuīfān suí Cháo de tǒngzhì. Xíwén zài lìshǔ suí yáng dì de cánbào tǒngzhì, huòguóyāngmín de shí dà zuìzhuàng zhīhòu xiě dào:“Qìng (qìng) nánshān zhī zhú, shū zuì wèi qióng; jué dōnghǎi zhī bō, liúdú nán jìn.” Yìsi shì shuō, bǎ zhōng nánshān Suǒyǒu de zhúzi kǎn lái zhì chéng zhújiǎn, yě xiě bù wán yáng guǎng de zuìguo; yòng jìn dōnghǎi de tāotāo dà shuǐ, yě chōngxǐ bù qīng tā de zuì’è. Guòle jǐ nián, suí yáng dì bèi bùxià yǔ wénhuà jí suǒ bī, shàngdiào zìshā, suí cháo mièwáng. Suí cháo dàjiàng liyuān jiànlìle táng cháo, limì yě guīshùnle táng cháo. Chéngyǔ “qìngzhúnánshū” yóu “qìng nánshān zhī zhú, shū zuì wèi qióng” suō lüè ér lái, rénmen chángyòng tā lái xíngróng mǒu xiē rén zuìdà’èjí, suǒ fàn de zuìxíng duō dé xiě bù wán. Qìng, kōng, jǐn, zài zhèlǐ shì yòng jìn de yìsi; zhú, zhǐ yòng zhú piàn zhìzuò de zhújiǎn, yòng yú shūxiě wénzì; shū, xiě.

Mandarin course HK- A Clever Farmer

Mandarin Lesson

A Clever Farmer

Uncle Jack doesn’t like farmer. He thinks they are very foolish and only know work on the farm.

One winter morning, the sun is shining. Uncle Jack sits on the step of his house. At that moment, a farmer with a map in his hand comes to him.

Farmer:Excuse me, Uncle. Can you tell me know to get to the hospital, please?

Uncle Jack: Lie down in the middle of the street and you’ll soon be at a hospital.

Farmer Please set an example to me.

Uncle Jack: I think you come to our city at the first time. It’s much more beautiful than the field. Is that right?

Farmer: Yes, uncle. But it is built on the field.

Uncle Jack’s face turns red.

 

聰明的農民

傑克大叔不喜歡農民。他認為他們很愚蠢只會在農場幹活。一個冬天的早晨,陽光明媚,傑克大叔坐在門前的石階上。這時,一個農民手拿地圖向他走來。

農民:請問,大叔,去醫院的路怎麼走?

傑克大叔:你躺在街當中,很快就會在醫院的。

農民:請你做一個示範。

傑克大叔:我想你是第一次進城吧,城市比你那塊地漂亮多了,是吧?

農民:是的,大叔,但城市是建在地之上的。

傑克大叔臉紅了。

Cōngmíng de nóngmín

Jiékè dàshū bù xǐhuan nóngmín. Tā rènwéi tāmen hěn yúchǔn zhǐ huì zài nóngchǎng gàn huó. Yīgè dōngtiān de zǎochen, yángguāng míngmèi, jiékè dàshū zuò zài mén qián de shí jiē shàng. Zhè shí, yīgè nóngmín shǒu ná dìtú xiàng tā zǒu lái. Nóngmín: Qǐngwèn, dàshū, qù yīyuàn de lù zěnme zǒu? Jiékè dàshū: Nǐ tǎng zài jiē dāngzhōng, hěn kuài jiù huì zài yīyuàn de. Nóngmín: Qǐng nǐ zuò yīgè shìfàn. Jiékè dàshū: Wǒ xiǎng nǐ shì dì yī cì jìn chéng ba, chéngshì bǐ nǐ nà kuài dì piàoliang duōle, shì ba? Nóngmín: Shì de, dàshū, dàn chéngshì shì jiàn zài dì zhī shàng de. Jiékè dàshū liǎnhóngle.

普通話教育-語文能力 -如鳥獸散

Mandarin Lesson

如鳥獸散

  李陵是西漢時的著名將領。他擅長騎馬、射箭,作戰十分勇敢,對士兵也非常愛護,因此深得漢武帝的喜愛。

當時,北方匈奴經常出兵侵犯中原。漢武帝為了安定邊塞,便封李陵為派騎都尉,命他率軍前去征討匈奴。他帶領五千步兵,從居延向北推進,三十天后抵達浚稽山,被匈奴三萬騎兵包圍於兩山之間。李陵用戰車圍成營寨,殲滅匈奴數千人。匈奴單于又召集騎兵八萬人圍攻李陵。李陵邊戰邊向南撤退,斬殺匈奴三千多人,向南撤退,途中來到一大片沼澤中。匈奴從上風放火,李陵也命令士兵從裡邊放火燒出一溜空地,以阻止再燒過來的火繼續向南漫延。

正在匈奴作戰不利,打算撤退的時候,李陵的一個部下投降了匈奴,把漢軍無後援、箭矢將用盡等情況告訴了匈奴,於是匈奴加緊了對漢軍的進攻。李陵率軍退入一個山谷,匈奴緊追不捨,並切斷了漢軍的後路。一場激戰,漢軍傷亡慘重。夜裡,李陵見自己沒有了突圍的希望,就召集起將士,沉重地說:“看樣子明天就會被匈奴打敗,我們如鳥獸散吧,這樣或許還能有逃脫回朝報告皇上的希望。”隨後,李陵在夜裡突圍時被匈奴追擊,最後被擒,投降了匈奴。

成語“如鳥獸散”是說像一群飛鳥走獸一樣逃散,形容潰敗逃散,現多用來比喻集團或組織解散後,其成員各奔東西。

Rú niǎoshòusàn

Lilíng shì xīhàn shí de zhùmíng jiànglǐng. Tā shàncháng qímǎ, shèjiàn, zuòzhàn shífēn yǒnggǎn, duì shìbīng yě fēicháng àihù, yīncǐ shēn dé hàn wǔdì de xǐ’ài. Dāngshí, běifāng xiōngnú jīngcháng chūbīng qīnfàn zhōngyuán. Hàn wǔdì wèile āndìng biānsài, biàn fēng lilíng wèi pài qí dū wèi, mìng tā lǜ jūn qián qù zhēngtǎo xiōngnú. Tā dàilǐng wǔqiān bùbīng, cóng jū yán xiàng běi tuījìn, sānshí tiānhòu dǐdá jùn jīshān, bèi xiōngnú sān wàn qíbīng bāowéi yú liǎng shān zhī jiān. Lilíng yòng zhàn chē wéi chéng yíngzhài, jiānmiè xiōngnú shù qiān rén. Xiōngnú chán yú yòu zhàojí qíbīng bā wàn rén wéigōng lilíng. Lilíng biān zhàn biān xiàng nán chètuì, zhǎn shā xiōngnú sānqiān duō rén, xiàng nán chètuì, túzhōng lái dào yī dàpiàn zhǎozé zhōng. Xiōngnú cóng shàngfēng fànghuǒ, lilíng yě mìnglìng shìbīng cóng lǐbian fànghuǒ shāo chū yīliū kòngdì, yǐ zǔzhǐ zài shāo guòlái de huǒ jìxù xiàng nán mànyán. Zhèngzài xiōngnú zuòzhàn bùlì, dǎsuàn chètuì de shíhou, lilíng de yīgè bùxià tóuxiángle xiōngnú, bǎ hàn jūn wú hòuyuán, jiàn shǐ jiāng yòng jìn děng qíngkuàng gàosule xiōngnú, yúshì xiōngnú jiājǐnle duì hàn jūn de jìngōng. Lilíng lǜ jūn tuì rù yīgè shāngǔ, xiōngnú jǐn zhuī bù shě, bìng qiēduànle hàn jūn de hòu lù. Yī chǎng jīzhàn, hàn jūn shāngwáng cǎnzhòng. Yèlǐ, lilíng jiàn zìjǐ méiyǒule túwéi de xīwàng, jiù zhàojí qǐ jiàngshì, chénzhòng dì shuō:“Kàn yàngzi míngtiān jiù huì bèi xiōngnú dǎbài, wǒmen rú niǎoshòusàn ba, zhèyàng huòxǔ hái néng yǒu táotuō huí cháo bàogào huángshàng de xīwàng.” Suíhòu , Lilíng zài yèlǐ túwéi shí bèi xiōngnú zhuījí, zuìhòu bèi qín, tóuxiángle xiōngnú. Chéngyǔ “rú niǎoshòusàn” shì shuō xiàng yīqún fēiniǎo zǒushòu yīyàng táosàn, xíngróng kuìbài táosàn, xiàn duōyòng lái bǐyù jítuán huò zǔzhī jiěsàn hòu, qí chéngyuán gè bèn dōngxi.