Chinese language study HK -Showing Off One’s Proficiency with the Axe Before Lu Ban the Master Carpenter

Mandarin Lesson

Lu Ban was supposed to be a consummate carpenter in ancient times. It is said that he once carved a wooden phoenix that was so lifelike that it actually flew in the sky for three days. Thus it was considered the height of folly to show off one’s skill with an axe in front of Lu Ban.

This idiom excoriates those who show off their slight accomplishments in front of experts.

班門弄斧  
古代有一個建築和雕刻技術非常高超的人,名叫魯班,木匠行里尊稱他為祖師。傳說他曾用木頭製作了一隻五彩斑斕的鳳凰,能夠在空中飛翔三天不掉下來。在魯班門前擺弄斧子,當然顯得有些自不量力了。  
 “班門弄斧”這個成語,用來比喻在行家面前顯示本領。  

 

香港普通話學習班-學好普通話-語流音變

Mandarin Lesson

  語流音變定義:說話或朗讀時,要把許多音節連續發出,在連續的語流中,前後音節互相影響,致使某些音
節的因素或聲調產生了變化,這就是語流音變,簡稱音變。
(二)包括內容
普通話的音變主要包括:

1、變調
2、輕聲
3、兒化
4、語氣詞“啊”的變化等。
變調
1.上聲的變調
上聲在陰平、陽平、上聲、去聲前都會產生變調,讀完全的上聲原調的機會很少,只有
在單念或處在詞語、句子的未尾才有可能讀原調。
1)上聲在陰平、陽平、去聲、輕聲前,即在非上聲前,丟掉後半段“14”上升的尾巴,
調值由214 變為半上聲21,變調調值描寫為214—21。如:
2)兩上上聲相連,前一個上聲的調值變為35。也就是說,兩個上聲相連,前字上聲的
調值變得跟陽平的調值一樣。變調調值描寫為 214—35。如:美好 měihǎo
兩上不相容,前上變陽平
3)三個上聲相連的變調: 三個上聲音節相連有兩種變調:
上聲+(上聲+上聲)——半上(21)+陽平(35)+上聲(214)
(上聲+上聲)+上聲——陽平(35)+陽平(35)+上聲(214)
2. “一”、“不”的變調
普通話還有“一”“七”“八”“不”的變調,由於普通話中“七”“八”已經趨向於不變調,學
習普通話只要求掌握“一”“不”的變調。
“一”的單字調是陰平聲55,“不”的單字調是去聲51,在單念或處在詞句未尾的時候,
不變調。
“一”“不”有兩種變調
1)在去聲音節前調值變為35,跟陽平的調值一樣。
2)在陰平、陽平、上聲前,即在非去聲前,調值變為51,跟去聲的調值一樣。

Mandarin lesson in hong kong – Chinese classic story-Mao Sui Recommending Himself

Mandarin Lesson

  In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin besieged the capital of the State of Zhao. Duke Pingyuan of Zhao planned to ask the ruler of the State of Chu personally for assistance. He wanted to select a capable man to go with him. A man called Mao Sui volunteered. When the negoti-actions between the two states were stalled because the ruler of Chu hesitated to send troops, Mao Sui approached him, brandishing a sword. At that, the ruler of Chu agreed to help Zhao, against Qin.

This idiom means to recommend oneself.

毛遂自薦
戰國時代,秦國軍隊攻打趙國的都城。趙國的平原君打算親自到楚國去請救兵,想挑選一個精明能幹的人一同前去。有一個名叫毛遂的人,自告奮勇願意同去。平原君到楚國後,與楚王談了半天,沒有一點結果。毛遂怒氣沖沖地拿著寶劍,逼近楚王,終於迫使楚王答應出兵,與趙國聯合共同抵抗秦國。  
 “毛遂自薦”這個成語用來比喻自己推薦自己,不必別人介紹。

 

learning chinese language – Inspirational little story -No Ready-made Fruit in God’s Hand

Mandarin Lesson

Three guys finally got the God through trials and errors.
They were eager to ask God for help.
Right after the God asked what they want, the first man claim a big courtyard,
the second a farmstead, and the third a bar of gold.
God promised them. At last, the first man was given a pile of bricks,
the second a bag of seed and the third a mass of sand.

 

上帝那裡沒有現成的果實
三個人千辛萬苦找到了上帝,請求他給予幫助。
上帝問他們各需要什麼。第一個人說他要一座大宅院;
第二個人說,他要一個農莊;第三個人說他要一塊大金條。
上帝說他可以滿足他們的需要。
於是上帝給了第一個人一堆磚頭,給了第二個人一把種子,給了第三個人一把沙子。

 

語言學習-聲調

Mandarin Lesson

聲調是音節的高低升降的變化形式。聲調同聲母、韻母一樣,具有區別意義的作用。
聲調主要決定於音高,同一個人的不同的音高變化是由控制聲帶的鬆緊決定的。聲帶越
緊,聲調越高;聲帶越松,聲凋越低。
聲調包括調值和調類兩個方面。
調值是聲調的實際讀音,也就是音節的高低、升降、曲直、長短的變化形式,普通話有
四種基本調值,用五度標記法表示如下。
陰平(第一聲)——調值 55。發音從5 度到5 度,聲音高而平,基本上沒有升降的變
化。例如:“江、山、高、天、”等的聲調。
陽平(第二聲)——-調值 35。發音從3 度到5 度,聲音由中到高,是個高升的調子。
例如:“人、民、團、結”等的聲調。
上聲(第三聲)——調值 214。發音從2 度降到1 度再升到4 度,是個先降後升的調子。
例如:“光、明、友、好”等的聲調。
去聲(第四聲)——調值 51。發音從5 度降到1 度,是個全降的調子。例如:“大、雁、
勝、利“等的調子。
調類是指聲調的種類。是按照聲調的實際讀音(即調值)歸納出來的類別

 

learn mandarin hong kong – Read the story to learn Chinese-Sleeping Pills

Mandarin Lesson

  Jack was having trouble getting to sleep at night. He went to see his doctor, who prescribed some extra-strong sleeping pills. Sunday night Jack took the pills, slept well and was awake before he heard the alarm. He took his time getting to the office, strolled in and said to his boss: “I didn’t have a bit of trouble getting up this morning.”

“That’s fine,” roared the boss, “but where were you Monday and Tuesday?”

 

傑克晚上失眠。他去看醫生,醫生給他開了一些強力安眠藥。
星期天晚上傑克吃了藥,睡得很好,在鬧鐘響之前就醒了過來。他到了辦公室,遛達進去,對老闆說:“我今天早上起床一點麻煩都沒有。”
“好啊!”老闆吼道,“那你星期一和星期二到哪兒去了?”

 

進修普通話-四呼

Mandarin Lesson

四呼漢語傳統語音學為了表達聲韻的拼合關係,根據韻母開頭的實際發音口型,把韻母分為
開口呼、齊齒呼、合口呼、撮口呼四類,也叫四呼。
韻母為a、o、e、ê、er、-i(前) 、-i(後)或以a、o、e 開頭的韻母稱開口呼;
韻母為i 或i 開頭的韻母稱齊齒呼,如iou、iao、ie、ia;
韻母為u 或以u 開頭的韻母稱合口呼,如ua、uo、uai、uei;
韻母為ü稱或以為ü開頭的為撮口呼,如üe、ün、üan。
特例:按照傳統語音學,韻母ong 歸入合口呼,韻母iong 歸入撮口呼。

 

國語教學-鼻韻母

Mandarin Lesson

鼻韻母是由元音和鼻輔音韻尾構成的韻母。普通話有 16 個鼻韻母。
1.分類(根據鼻輔音韻尾的不同)
前鼻韻母,由元音和前鼻輔音(舌尖鼻輔音)韻尾n 構成;
後鼻韻母,由元音和後鼻輔音(舌根鼻輔音)韻尾ng 構成。
2.發音特點
①發鼻韻母時,由元音向鼻輔音滑動。
②鼻輔音韻尾只有成阻和持阻階段,沒有除阻階段,鼻音一生即收。鼻韻尾成阻時,歸
音必須到位(不同於元音韻尾),即成阻部位完全閉塞,以形成鼻輔音。

 

 

Chinese language study HK -Chinese classical story -Birds Startled by the Mere Twang of a Bowstring  

Mandarin Lesson

  In the Warring States Period, there was a man in the State of Wei called Geng Lei. One day he said to the king: ‘I can shoot down birds by simply plucking my bowstring.’ When the king expressed doubt, Geng Lei pointed his bow at a wild goose flying in the sky, twanged the bowstring, and the goose fell to the ground. Geng Lei said, ‘This goose has been hurt in the past. Hearing the twang of the bowstring, it assumed that it was doomed. So it simply gave up trying to live.’

 This idiom means that if one has been frightened in the past one’s will may become paralysed in a similar situation.

戰國時期魏國有個名叫更羸的人。一天,他對國王說:“我只要拉開弓,空射一下,就能把天上的鳥射下來。”國王不相信。更羸便對準天上飛來的一隻雁射去,果真那隻雁聽到拉弦的聲音就掉了下來。國王感到很奇怪。更羸說,“那是一隻受過傷的雁。它一聽到我拉開弓弦的聲響,就驚慌得支持不住,自然要掉下來了。”   

“驚弓之鳥”這個成語比喻受過驚恐之後,有一點動靜就特別害怕。 

 

learning centre- I do not want to eat those apples

  

 Mandarin Lesson

  A man was going to the house of some rich person. As he went along the road, he saw a box of good apples at the side of the road. He said, “I do not want to eat those apples; for the rich man will give me much food; he will give me very nice food to eat.” Then he took the apples and threw them away into the dust. He went on and came to a river. The river had become very big; so he could not go over it. He waited for some time; then he said, “I cannot go to the rich man’s house today, for I cannot get over the river.” He began to go home. He had eaten no food that day. He began to want food. He came to the apples, and he was glad to take them out of the dust and eat them. Do not throw good things away; you may be glad to have them at some other time.

一個人正朝著一個富人的房子走去,當他沿著路走時,在路的一邊他發現一箱好蘋果,他說:“我不打算吃那些蘋果,因為富人會給我更多的食物,他會給我很好吃的東西。”然後他拿起蘋果,一把扔到土裡去。他繼續走,來到河邊,河漲水了,因此,他到不了河對岸,他等了一會兒,然後他說:“今天我去不了富人家了,因為我不能渡過河。” 他開始回家,那天他沒有吃東西。他就開始去找吃的,他找到蘋果,很高興地把它們從塵土中翻出來吃了。不要把好東西扔掉,換個時候你會覺得它們大有用處。