The World Heritage Sites in China-The Summer Palace 在中國的世界文化遺產——頤和園

Situated in the western outskirts of Haidian District, the Summer Palace is 15 kilometers ( 9.3 miles ) from central Beijing. Having the largest royal park and being well preserved, ir was designated, in 1960 by the State Council, as a Key Cultural Relics Protection Site of China.
Containing examples of the ancient arts, it also has graceful landscapes and magnificent constructions. The Summer Palace is the archetypal Chinese garden, and is ranked amongst the most noted and classical gardens of the world. In 1998, it was listed as one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
The Summer Palace constructed in the Jin Dynasty ( 1115-1234 ), during the succeeding reign of feudal emperors; it was extended continuously. By the time of Qing Dynasty ( 1644-1911 ), it had become a luxurious royal garden providing royal families with rest and entertainment. Like most of the garden of Beijing, it could not elude the rampages of the Anglo-French allied force and was destroyed by fire. In 1888, Empress Dowager Cixi embezzled navy funds to reconstruct ir for her own benefit, changing its name to Summer Palace ( Yiheyuan ). She spent most of her later years there, dealing with state affairs and entertaining.
The Summer Palace occupied an area of 294 hectares ( 726.5 acres ), three quarters of which is water. Guided by nature, artists designed the gardens exquistely so that visitors would see marvelous views and be amazed by perfect examples of refined craftwork using the finest materials.

頤和園是我國現存最完好、規模最宏大的古代園林。位於北京市海澱區境內,距北京市中心15餘公里,占地290公頃。1961年國務院公佈頤和園為全國重點文物保護單位。
作為古代經典藝術的代表,頤和園裏有優美的景色和壯觀的建築。頤和園是中國典型的花園建築,也是世界園林中享有盛譽的花園。1998年,頤和園被聯合國教科文組織列為世界文化遺產。
頤和園建於晉朝,在接下來的幾代封建皇帝的統治時期不斷得到擴建。到了清朝,它已經成為晚清皇室人員休閒娛樂的場所。和北京大多數園林一樣,英法聯軍入侵北京時,頤和園也未能逃過一劫。1888年,慈禧太后挪用海軍軍費等款項重修,並與兩年後改名為頤和園,作為慈禧太后晚年的頤養之地。
頤和園占地297公頃,水面約占四分之三,頤和園集傳統造園藝術之大成,借景周圍的山水環境,飽含中國皇家園林的恢弘富麗氣勢,又充滿自然之趣,高度體現了「雖由人作,宛自天開」 的造園準則。

zài zhōng guó de shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn ——yí hé yuán

yí hé yuán shì wǒ guó xiàn cún zuì wán hǎo 、guī mó zuì hóng dà de gǔ dài yuán lín 。wèi yú běi jīng shì hǎi diàn qū jìng nèi ,jù běi jīng shì zhōng xīn 15yú gōng lǐ ,zhàn dì 290gōng qǐng 。1961nián guó wù yuàn gōng bù yí hé yuán wéi quán guó zhòng diǎn wén wù bǎo hù dān wèi 。
zuò wéi gǔ dài jīng diǎn yì shù de dài biǎo ,yí hé yuán lǐ yǒu yōu měi de jǐng sè hé zhuàng guān de jiàn zhù 。yí hé yuán shì zhōng guó diǎn xíng de huā yuán jiàn zhù ,yě shì shì jiè yuán lín zhōng xiǎng yǒu shèng yù de huā yuán 。1998nián ,yí hé yuán bèi lián hé guó jiào kē wén zǔ zhī liè wéi shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn 。
yí hé yuán jiàn yú jìn cháo ,zài jiē xià lái de jǐ dài fēng jiàn huáng dì de tǒng zhì shí qī bú duàn dé dào kuò jiàn 。dào le qīng cháo ,tā yǐ jīng chéng wéi wǎn qīng huáng shì rén yuán xiū xián yú lè de chǎng suǒ 。hé běi jīng dà duō shù yuán lín yī yàng ,yīng fǎ lián jūn rù qīn běi jīng shí ,yí hé yuán yě wèi néng táo guò yī jié 。1888nián ,cí xǐ tài hòu nuó yòng hǎi jūn jūn fèi děng kuǎn xiàng chóng xiū ,bìng yǔ liǎng nián hòu gǎi míng wéi yí hé yuán ,zuò wéi cí xǐ tài hòu wǎn nián de yí yǎng zhī dì 。
yí hé yuán zhàn dì 297gōng qǐng ,shuǐ miàn yuē zhàn sì fèn zhī sān ,yí hé yuán jí chuán tǒng zào yuán yì shù zhī dà chéng ,jiè jǐng zhōu wéi de shān shuǐ huán jìng ,bǎo hán zhōng guó huáng jiā yuán lín de huī hóng fù lì qì shì ,yòu chōng mǎn zì rán zhī qù ,gāo dù tǐ xiàn le 「suī yóu rén zuò ,wǎn zì tiān kāi 」 de zào yuán zhǔn zé 。


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