Lesson 7 Proposals & Invitations

  • 给你来杯咖啡,怎么样
    gěi nǐ lái bēi kā fēi , zěn me yàng ?
    Would you like a cup of coffee?
  • 这个活动你看我们是不是也应该参加?
    zhè gè huó dòng nǐ kàn wǒ mén shì bù shì yě yīng gāi cān jiā ?
    Do you think that we shall join this event?
  • 你们明天再来,行吗
    nǐ mén míng tiān zài lái , xíng ma ?
    Can you come tomorrow, can’t you?
  • 我帮你把东西拿上去
    yào wǒ bāng nǐ bǎ dōng xi ná shàng qù ma ?
    Would you like me to take it upstairs?
  • 这本书不错,我建议你看一看。
    zhè běn shū bù cuò , wǒ jiàn yì nǐ kàn yī kàn 。
    This book is nice. I suggest you read it.
  • 最好现在就去。
    nǐ zuì hǎo xiàn zài jiù qù 。
    You’d better go there right now.
  • 来中国一定要吃饺子。
    lái zhōng guó yī dìng yào chī jiǎo zi 。
    You must try dumplings when you visit China.
  • 明天我过生日,你参加聚会
    míng tiān wǒ guò shēng rì , nǐ lái cān jiā jù huì ba!
    Tomorrow is my birthday. I would like you to come to my birthday party.
  • 跟我们一起去玩儿
    gēn wǒ mén yī qǐ qù wánr ba!
    Come and join us for the fun.
  • 咱们一起去,好吗
    zán mén yī qǐ qù , hǎo ma ?
    Would you like going together with me?
  • 我们去爬山,你有兴趣吗
    wǒ mén qù pá shān , nǐ yǒu xìng qù ma ?
    We are going to clime the mountain, Are you interested?
  • 晚上想请你吃饭,你有时间吗?
    wǎn shàng xiǎng qǐng nǐ chī fàn , nǐ yǒu shí jiān ma ?
    I would like to invite you for the dinner tonight, Are you free?
  • 可以。
    kě yǐ 。
    Yes, I will.
  • 行啊。
    xíng a 。
    That’s ok with me.
  • 好的。
    hǎo de 。
    Ok.
  • 没问题。
    méi wèn tí 。
    No problem.
  • 真是个好主意!
    zhēn shì gè hǎo zhǔ yì !
    That’s a good idea.
  • 谢谢,真是太麻烦你了。
    xiè xie , zhēn shì tài má fán nǐ le 。
    Thanks. It’s very kind of you.
  • 我一定去。
    wǒ yī dìng qù 。
    I will be there.
  • 不行。
    bù xíng 。
    No, I can’t.
  • 真对不起,我去不了。
    zhēn duì bù qǐ , wǒ qù bù liǎo 。
    I am sorry. I can’t go.
  • 真不巧。
    zhēn bù qiǎo 。
    Unfortunately, I am afraid I won’t be free.
  • 别客气。
    bié kè qì 。
    You are welcome.
  • 不用了。
    bù yòng le 。
    No, please don’t bother.
  • 谢谢你的好意,可是我刚好有点事儿。
    xiè xie nǐ de hǎo yì , kě shì wǒ gāng hǎo yǒu diǎn shìr 。
    That’s very kind of you. But i happen to have something to deal with.
  • 以后再说吧。
    yǐ hòu zài shuō ba 。
    Maybe next time.
  • 改天吧。
    gǎi tiān ba 。
    Maybe another day.
  • 下次吧。
    xià cì ba 。
    Next time.

Lesson 6 Apology & Forgiveness

  • 给您添这么多麻烦,真过意不去。
    gěi nín tiān zhè me duō má fán , zhēn guò yì bù qù 。
    I am really sorry for bringing you so much trouble.
  • 没关系。
    méi guān xi。
    It’s ok.
  • 没事儿。
    méi shìr。
    It’s ok.
  • 不客气。
    bù kè qi。
    You are welcome.
  • 没什么。
    méi shén me 。
    It’s nothing.
  • 对不起!
    duì bù qǐ !
    Sorry!
  • 真对不起!
    zhēn duì bù qǐ !
    I am terribly sorry!
  • 抱歉!
    bào qiàn !
    I am sorry.
  • 不好意思!
    bù hǎo yì sī !
    I am sorry.
  • 请原谅!
    qǐng yuán liàng !
    Please forgive me.
  • 对不起,让您久等了!
    duì bù qǐ , ràng nín jiǔ děng le !
    Sorry for keeping you waiting for so long.
  • 非常抱歉,我来晚了!
    fēi cháng bào qiàn , wǒ lái wǎn le !
    I am sorry for being late.
  • lesson5 Expressing Good Wish & Congratulations

    • 恭喜!
      gōng xǐ !
      Congratulations!
    • 新年好!
      xīn nián hǎo !
      Happy New Year!
    • 圣诞快乐!
      shèng dàn kuài lè !
      Merry Christmas!
    • 新春愉快!
      xīn chūn yú kuài !
      Happy Spring Festival!
    • 祝你在新的一年里万事如意!
      zhù nǐ zài xīn de yī nián lǐ wàn shì rú yì !
      Wish you a prosperous New Year!
    • 祝你好运!
      zhù nǐ hǎo yùn !
      Good luck!
    • 祝你高升!
      zhù nǐ gāo shēng !
      I hope you will get promoted soon.
    • 祝你成功!
      zhù nǐ chéng gōng !
      Wish you success!
    • 祝你来年大吉!
      zhù nǐ lái nián dà jí !
      Wish you a lucky New Year!
    • 恭喜发财!
      gōng xǐ fā cái !
      Kung Hei Fat Choi! (Wish you make a fortune in the coming year!)
    • 生日快乐!
      shēng rì kuài lè !
      Happy Birthday!
    • 祝你身体健康!
      zhù nǐ shēn tǐ jiàn kāng !
      Wish you a healthy life!
    • 祝您健康长寿!(To senior people only)
      zhù nín jiàn kāng cháng shòu !
      Wish you a long and healthy life!
    • 祝你们新婚快乐!
      zhù nǐ mén xīn hūn kuài lè !
      Congratulations on your marriage!
    • 祝你们白头到老!
      zhù nǐ mén bái tóu dào lǎo !
      Wish you a happy and lasting marriage!
    • 祝你们幸福!
      zhù nǐ mén xìng fú !
      Wish you a happy life!
    • 祝你工作顺利!
      zhù nǐ gōng zuò shùn lì !
      Wish you a happy and smooth work.
    • 祝你学习取得好成绩!
      zhù nǐ xué xí qǔ de hǎo chéng jì !
      Wish you a great improvement in your studies.
    • 祝你找到一个好工作!
      zhù nǐ zhǎo dào yī gè hǎo gōng zuò !
      Congratulations on your new job!
    • 祝你旅途愉快!
      zhù nǐ lǚ tú yú kuài !
      Have a nice trip!

    Lesson 4 Saying Goodbye and Farewell

  • 明天见。
    míng tiān jiàn 。
    See you tomorrow.
  • 告辞了。
    gào cí le 。
    So long.
  • 后会有期。
    hòu huì yǒu qī 。
    Hope to see you again.
  • 请留步。
    qǐng liú bù 。
    Please don’t bother to come any further.
  • 慢走。
    màn zǒu 。
    Take care.
  • 走好。
    zǒu hǎo 。
    Take care.
  • 不远送了。
    bù yuǎn sòng le.
    I will not go any further.
  • 经常联系啊!
    jīng cháng lián xì a!
    Let’s keep in touch.
  • 有空儿常来啊!
    yǒu kōngr cháng lái a!
    Please visit us when you are free.
  • 多保重!
    duō bǎo zhòng !
    Take care.
  • 一路平安!
    yī lù píng ān !
    Bon Voyage!
  • 再见!
    zài jiàn !
    Goodbye!
  • 回头见。
    huí tóu jiàn 。
    See you later!
  • 一路顺风!
    yī lù shùn fēng !
    Have a good trip
  • Expressing Thanks & Appreciation

    • 谢谢!
      xiè xie !
      Thank you!
    • 非常感谢!
      fēi cháng gǎn xiè !
      Thank you very much!
    • 太感谢您了!
      tài gǎn xiè nín le !
      Thank you very much indeed!
    • 谢谢你给我的帮助!
      xiè xie nǐ gěi wǒ de bāng zhù !
      Thanks for the help!
    • 谢谢您,让您受累了!
      xiè xie nín , ràng nín shòu lèi le !
      Thank you for taking so much trouble!
    • 辛苦了,谢谢您。
      xīn kǔ le , xiè xie nín 。
      Thank you for all your hard work.
    • 给您添麻烦了,真不好意思!
      gěi nín tiān má fan le , zhēn bù hǎo yì si !
      We are really sorry for the trouble we have put you to.
    • 不用谢!
      bù yòng xiè !
      Not at all.
    • 别客气!
      bié kè qì !
      Don’t mention it.
    • 没什么!
      méi shén me !
      It’s nothing.
    • 都是朋友,还这么客气干吗?
      dōu shì péng you , hái zhè me kè qì gàn ma ?
      We are friends. Please do not mention it.

    lesson2 Greetings in Chinese

    • 你好!
      nǐ hǎo !
      Hi. / How do you do.
    • 您好!
      nín hǎo !
      Hi. / How do you do. (To seniors or superiors to show respect.)
    • 很高兴认识你。
      hěn gāo xìng rèn shí nǐ 。
      Nice to meet you.
    • 早上好!
      zǎo shàng hǎo !
      Good morning!
    • 下午好!
      xià wǔ hǎo !
      Good afternoon!
    • 晚上好!
      wǎn shàng hǎo !
      Good evening.
    • 晚安!
      wǎn ān !
      Good night.
    • 吃了吗?
      chī le ma ?
      Have you had your meal? (Chinese way of greeting, usually around the meal time.)
    • 出去呀?
      chū qù ya ?
      Are your going out? (Chinese way of greeting when you are going out.)
    • 出去了?
      chū qù le ?
      You’ve been out, haven’t you? (Chinese way of greeting when you have just come back from outside.)
    • 好久不见,最近怎么样?
      hǎo jiǔ bù jiàn, zuì jìn zěn me yàng ?
      Long time no see. How are you doing?
    • 最近忙什么呢?
      zuì jìn máng shén me ne ?
      What are you busy about recently?
    • 最近身体还好吗?
      zuì jìn shēn tǐ hái hǎo ma ?
      How are you recently?
    • 最近工作顺利吗?
      zuì jìn gōng zuò shùn lì ma ?
      How are you getting along with your work recently?
    • 请代我向你父母问好。
      qǐng dài wǒ xiàng nǐ fù mǔ wèn hǎo 。
      Please give my best regards to your parents.
    • 王伟要我向你问好。
      wáng wěi yào wǒ xiàng nǐ wèn hǎo 。
      Wang Wei wished to say hello to you.

    lesson1 Introduction

    • 我姓张,叫张武。
      wǒ xìng zhāng , jiào zhāng wǔ 。
      My family name is Zhang, and my given name is Wu.
    • 我叫刘杰。
      wǒ jiào liú jié 。
      My name is Liu Jie.
    • 我是美国人。
      wǒ shì měi guó rén 。
      I am American.
    • 我来自加拿大。
      wǒ lái zì jiā ná dà 。
      I come from Canada.
    • 我是一名教师。
      wǒ shì yī míng jiào shī 。
      I am a teacher.
    • 我在微软公司工作。
      wǒ zài wēi ruǎn gōng sī gōng zuò 。
      I work in Microsoft.
    • 我来给你介绍一下。 这位是大卫。
      wǒ lái gěi nǐ jiè shào yī xià 。 zhè wèi shì dà wèi 。
      Let me introduce David to you.
    • 这位是王伟。
      zhè wèi shì wáng wěi 。
      This is Wang Wei.
    • 她是李燕。
      tā shì lǐ yàn 。
      She is Li Yan.
    • 我来介绍一下自己。
      wǒ lái jiè shào yī xià zì jǐ 。
      Please allow me to introduce my self.

    Chinese Pinyin

    When learning Chinese Pinyin, you shall be aware of certain limitations:

    1.  
      1. Pinyin does not represent English pronunciation and should not be pronounced according to English conventions. You are advised to learn Pinyin phonetic conventions, bearing in mind that many sounds have no equivalents in Englishss.
      2. Since Pinyin is based only on the sounds of Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin is unsuitable for use for speakers of some other Chinese spoken dialects, because the sounds do not correspond to their speech.
      3. The phonotactics of spoken Mandarin Chinese dictate a relatively small set of possible syllables and there is a potential for homonyms. Because of this, Pinyin can be ambiguous, especially when transcribing Standard Written Chinese, which uses formal constructions not often found in speech. However, this should not be an issue in the transcription of normal spoken Mandarin conversation since speakers would not use such ambiguous constructions in speech.

    Chinese Language History

    The earliest Chinese characters were found about 6,000 years ago.
    Evolution method 1: Totally 7 periods
    1, Oracle Bone Script; 2, Inscriptions on bronze; 3, Seal Script; 4, Clerical Script; 5, Regular Script; 6, Cursive Script; 7, Semi-Cursive Script
    Evolution method 2: Totally 5 periods
    声 Sound (from nature)
    形 shape (such as some marks when people go out for hunting, some animal claw print …)
    象 Components (To create language)
    数 Numbers (counting)
    理 Extending

    san nian qian(3 years ago) and qian san nian(first 3 years)

    sān nián qián (三年前), means three years agao
    qián sān nián (前三年), mean the first three years.

    If qián is after number/time, qian means ago, while if qián is before the number/time, it means first.

    other examples:
    shí fēn zhōng hòu
    十分钟后,ten minutes later
    hòu shí fēn zhōng
    后十分钟,last ten minutes
    xīng qián
    一个星期前,a week ago
    qián xīng
    前一个星期, first one week