Lushan Mountain, World Scenic Location(3) 廬山,走向世界的中國名勝(3)

Sight of human interest: Lushan has a long historical culture. It is the brithplace of Chinese scenic and pastoral poetry and landscape paintings. Since Hin Dynasty, more than fifteen hundred cultural peoples, including the famous poets of Li Po, Bai Juyi, Su Shi, and Wang Anshi have visited Lushan Mountain and written over four thousand poems, nine hundred cliff cutting and three hundred inscriptions to praise its beauty. The ancient canon of the Bailudong ( the White Deer Cave ) Academy of Lushan still maintains great signficance both at home and abroad. In the 1920s, it had temporally become the “ Summer capital ” of Kuomintang government whose leader, Chiang Kai-Shek, visited it over twenty times. Marshall, the special envoy of American president then, also visitied it eight times. In 1937, Chinese

Communist Party made a successful effort om bringing the rwo parites into cooperation in the anti-Japanese war. After the foundation of PRC , Mao Zedong climbed Lushan three times , presiding over three significant Conferences of the Central Committee of the CPC. Up to mow there over two hundred books on Lushan’s culture, nature, geology and meterology, twelve of which have been collected into the book named “ Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature ” ( compiled in 1772-1782 at the order of Emperor Qianlong ). In the mountain, there are two national and nine provincial preservation units of cultural relics.

人文景觀:廬山的歷史文化源遠流長,廬山是中國田園詩的誕生地、中國山水詩的策源地、中國山水畫的發祥地。自晉代以來,李白、白居易、蘇軾、王安石等文人墨客留下了4000多首讚美廬山的詩詞歌賦和900多處摩崖石刻,碑刻300餘塊。廬山白鹿書院的教規至今在國內外有著深遠影響。20世紀20年代廬山成為了國民政府的「夏都」。蔣介石曾20餘次上廬山,美國總統特使馬歇爾八上廬山。1937年,中國共產黨在廬山促成了國共兩黨合作抗日。中華人民共和國成立以後,毛澤東三次登上廬山,主持召開了世人矚目的黨的三次重要會議。自古至今,有關廬山各種文化,自然、地質。氣象的專著有200多種,收入四庫全書的有12種。全山有國家級文物保護單位兩處,省級文物保護單位9處。

lú shān ,zǒu xiàng shì jiè de zhōng guó míng shèng(3)

rén wén jǐng guān :lú shān de lì shǐ wén huà yuán yuǎn liú zhǎng ,lú shān shì zhōng guó tián yuán shī de dàn shēng dì 、zhōng guó shān shuǐ shī de cè yuán dì 、zhōng guó shān shuǐ huà de fā xiáng dì 。zì jìn dài yǐ lái ,lǐ bái 、bái jū yì 、sū shì 、wáng ān shí děng wén rén mò kè liú xià le 4000duō shǒu zàn měi lú shān de shī cí gē fù hé 900duō chù mó yá shí kè ,bēi kè 300yú kuài 。lú shān bái lù shū yuàn de jiāo guī zhì jīn zài guó nèi wài yǒu zhe shēn yuǎn yǐng xiǎng 。20shì jì 20nián dài lú shān chéng wéi le guó mín zhèng fǔ de 「xià dū 」。jiǎng jiè shí céng 20yú cì shàng lú shān ,měi guó zǒng tǒng tè shǐ mǎ xiē ěr bā shàng lú shān 。1937nián ,zhōng guó gòng chǎn dǎng zài lú shān cù chéng le guó gòng liǎng dǎng hé zuò kàng rì 。zhōng huá rén mín gòng hé guó chéng lì yǐ hòu ,máo zé dōng sān cì dēng shàng lú shān ,zhǔ chí zhào kāi le shì rén zhǔ mù de dǎng de sān cì zhòng yào huì yì 。zì gǔ zhì jīn ,yǒu guān lú shān gè zhǒng wén huà ,zì rán 、dì zhì 。qì xiàng de zhuān zhù yǒu 200duō zhǒng ,shōu rù sì kù quán shū de yǒu 12zhǒng 。quán shān yǒu guó jiā jí wén wù bǎo hù dān wèi liǎng chù ,shěng jí wén wù bǎo hù dān wèi 9chù 。


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