learn mandarin hong kong – Exports

Mandarin Lesson

Exports

Exports are either raw materials or manufactured goods. Raw materials are products of the land, such as cotton, timber or rubber. Some raw materials, such as iron ore, come from mines.  These raw materials are often exported by the countries that produce them to other countries where they are made into manufactured goods.

Some countries produce food for export, for example, meat, sugar, or cereals such as wheat and maize. These countries are agricultural countries. An agricultural country needs fertile land and a good climate. A cold, dry climate is not suitable for agriculture.

A country which produces manufactured goods is known as an industrialized  country. An industrialized  country cannot always produce enough food for its own needs. In this case, it does not export foodstuffs. Instead it has to import them. It relies on exports of manufactured products and pays for imports with the money it earns from the exported goods.

出口

 

出口貨物既有原材料,也有製成品.原材料是從土里長出來的產品,如棉花、木材或橡膠;有些原材料,如鐵礦等,是從礦山里開采出來的。這些原材料往往從原產地國家出口到生產製成品的國家。

有些國家生產食物出口,例如肉類、糖等,或者是小麥、玉米等穀物。這些國家屬於農業國,農業國需要肥沃的土地和宜人的氣候。寒冷乾燥的氣候對農作物的生長不適宜。

生產製成品的國家被稱為工業化國家,一個工業化國家生產的食物往往不能滿足本國的需要。在這種情況下,它就不會出口食物,而是進口食物。這樣的國家依賴製成品的出口,並用出口掙得的錢支付進口費用。

Chūkǒu

Chūkǒu huòwù jì yǒu yuáncáiliào, yěyǒu zhì chéng pǐn. Yuáncáiliào shì cóng tǔ lǐ cháng chūlái de chǎnpǐn, rú miánhuā, mùcái huò xiàngjiāo; yǒuxiē yuáncáiliào, rú tiě kuàng děng, shì cóng kuàngshān li kāicǎi chūlái de. Zhèxiē yuáncáiliào wǎngwǎng cóng yuán chǎndì guójiā chūkǒu dào shēngchǎn zhì chéng pǐn de guójiā. Yǒuxiē guójiā shēngchǎn shíwù chūkǒu, lìrú ròu lèi, táng děng, huòzhě shì xiǎomài, yùmǐ děng gǔwù. Zhèxiē guójiā shǔyú nóngyè guó, nóngyè guó xūyào féiwò de tǔdì hé yírén de qìhòu. Hánlěng gānzào de qìhòu duì nóngzuòwù de shēng cháng bù shìyí. Shēngchǎn zhì chéng pǐn de guójiā bèi chēng wèi gōngyèhuà guójiā, yīgè gōngyèhuà guójiā shēngchǎn de shíwù wǎngwǎng bùnéng mǎnzú běnguó de xūyào. Zài zhè zhǒng qíngkuàng xià, tā jiù bù huì chūkǒu shíwù, ér shì jìnkǒu shíwù. Zhèyàng de guójiā yīlài zhì chéng pǐn de chūkǒu, bìngyòng chūkǒu zhēng dé de qián zhīfù jìnkǒu fèiyòng.


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