Chinese Drinking-Chinese Liquor 中國酒文化——白酒

Chines liquor, which is one of the six world-famous varieties of spirits ( the other five being brandy, whisky, rum, vodka and gin ), has a more complicated production method and can be made from various staples-broomcorn, corn, rice and wheat. Opinions regarding the origin if this liquor are divided but in the main there four possibilities varying from the Eastern Han Dynasty ( 25-220 ), Tang Dynasty ( 618-907 ), Song Dynasty ( 960-1297 ) to the Yuan Dynasty ( 1271-1368 ), but most people tend to agree that it actually dates from the Song Dynasty. Base on the long tradition, today’s distillers create a spirit that is crystal clear, aromatic and tasty. The most famous brand is Maotai and this holds the title of the “National Liquor”. There are other excellent brands also such as Wuliangye and Luzhou Tequ. To facilitate its slow maturing process, the spirit is stored for 4-5 years, over which time the full fragrance and flavor develop.

中國白酒是世界六大名酒之一(其他五種為白蘭地、威士忌、朗姆、伏特加和杜松子酒),有著複雜的製造工藝以及豐富多樣的製作原料——高粱、玉米、大米和小麥等。白酒起源的具體時間說法不一,有漢代起源說,唐代起源說、宋代起源說和元代起源說,其中,得到普遍共識的還是白酒的宋代起源說。也正是經過如此長久的歷史沉澱,中國的傳統蒸餾白酒才能逐步發展成為現今聞名於世的白酒,其清澈純淨、馥鬱芳香無可比擬。最具盛譽的白酒還要數國酒「茅臺」,另外中國還有很多其他的優質白酒品牌,例如「五糧液」、「瀘州特曲」等。白酒一般要窖藏4-5年,以便充分發酵,使其味道更加地濃郁。

zhōng guó jiǔ wén huà ——bái jiǔ
zhōng guó bái jiǔ shì shì jiè liù dà míng jiǔ zhī yī (qí tā wǔ zhǒng wéi bái lán dì 、wēi shì jì 、lǎng mǔ 、fú tè jiā hé dù sōng zǐ jiǔ ),yǒu zhe fù zá de zhì zào gōng yì yǐ jí fēng fù duō yàng de zhì zuò yuán liào ——gāo liáng 、yù mǐ 、dà mǐ hé xiǎo mài děng 。bái jiǔ qǐ yuán de jù tǐ shí jiān shuō fǎ bù yī ,yǒu hàn dài qǐ yuán shuō ,táng dài qǐ yuán shuō 、sòng dài qǐ yuán shuō hé yuán dài qǐ yuán shuō ,qí zhōng ,dé dào pǔ biàn gòng shí de hái shì bái jiǔ de sòng dài qǐ yuán shuō 。yě zhèng shì jīng guò rú cǐ cháng jiǔ de lì shǐ chén diàn ,zhōng guó de chuán tǒng zhēng liú bái jiǔ cái néng zhú bù fā zhǎn chéng wéi xiàn jīn wén míng yú shì de bái jiǔ ,qí qīng chè chún jìng 、fù yù fāng xiāng wú kě bǐ nǐ 。zuì jù shèng yù de bái jiǔ hái yào shǔ guó jiǔ 「máo tái 」,lìng wài zhōng guó hái yǒu hěn duō qí tā de yōu zhì bái jiǔ pǐn pái ,lì rú 「wǔ liáng yè 」、「lú zhōu tè qū 」děng 。bái jiǔ yī bān yào jiào cáng 4-5nián ,yǐ biàn chōng fèn fā jiào ,shǐ qí wèi dào gèng jiā de nóng yù 。


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