Chinese language study HK – The Fox and the Crow

 

Mandarin Lesson

 One day a crow stood on a branch near his nest and felt very happy with the meat in his mouth. At that time, a fox saw the crow with the meat, so he swallowed and eagerly thought of a plan to get the meat. However, whatever the fox said to the crow, the crow just kept silent. Until the fox thought highly of the crow’s beautiful voice, the crow felt flattered and opened his mouth to sing. As soon as the meat fell down to the ground, the fox took the meat and went into his hole.

   有一天,一隻烏鴉站在窩旁的樹枝上嘴裡叼著一片肉,心裡非常高興。這時候,一隻狐狸看見了烏鴉,饞得直流口水,非常想得到那片肉。但是,無論狐狸說什麼,烏鴉就是不理睬狐狸。最後,狐狸讚美烏鴉的嗓音最優美,並要求烏鴉唱幾句讓他欣賞欣賞。烏鴉聽了狐狸讚美的話,得意極了,就唱起歌來。沒想到,肉一掉下來,狐狸就叼起肉,鑽回了洞

 

普通話補習-粵語中有些詞彙的詞序與普通話用詞相反

 

Mandarin Lesson

粵語中有些詞彙的詞序與普通話用詞相反

如:粵語說:「人客」,普通話說「客人」,
             (1)粵語說:「雞公」  普通話說:「公雞」
             (2)粵語說:「宵夜」 普通話說:「夜宵」
             (3)粵語說:「齊整」 普通話說:「整齊」
             (4)粵語說:「擠擁」 普通話說: [擁擠」
             (5)粵語說:「千秋」 普通話說:「鞦韆」

一、粵語保留了很多古漢語成分,多用單音節詞,而普通話則多是雙音節詞。例如:尾巴——尾(前邊是普通話,後邊是粵語,下同);耳朵——耳;腦袋——頭;舌頭——脷;眼睛——眼;螞蟻——蟻;螃蟹——蟹;甘蔗——蔗;知道——知;認識——識;容易——易;困難——難;褲子——褲;扇子——扇;被子——被;鐵鍋——鑊;翅膀——翼;衣服——衫;窗戶——窗,等等。

二、同是雙音節詞,粵語與普通話的詞序相反。粵語的中心詞在前,修飾成分在後。例如:公雞——雞公;母牛——牛也母;大月——月大;客人——人客;早晨——晨早;喜歡——歡喜;擁擠——擠擁;底下——下底。

learn mandarin hong kong – Chinese proverb -Plugging One’s Ears While Stealing a Bell

 

Mandarin Lesson

  Once upon a time, there was a man who wanted to steal his neighbor’s doorbell. However, he knew clearly that the bell would ring and catch the other people’s attention as long as he touched the bell. So he thought hard and suddenly hit on a clever “idea”. He plugged his ears with something, thinking that everything would go well when he stole the bell. Unfortunately to his disappointment, the bell still rang loudly and he was caught on the spot as a thief.

  從前,有一個人想偷鄰居門上的鈴,但是他知道一碰到鈴,鈴就會響起來,被人發現。他想啊想,終於他想出一個“妙極”,他把自己的耳朵用東西塞起來,就听不見鈴聲了。但是當他去偷鈴時,鈴聲仍舊響起來,他被別人當場抓住。

 

learning language-Tang poetry -THE BEAUTIFUL XI SHI

Mandarin Lesson

THE BEAUTIFUL XI SHI

Wang Wei

 

Since beauty is honored all over the Empire

How could Xi Shi remain humbly at home? —

Washing clothes at dawn by a southern lake —

And that evening a great lady in a palace of the north:

Lowly one day no different from the others

 The next day exalted everyone praising her.

 No more would her own hands powder her face

Or arrange on her shoulders a silken robe.

And the more the King loved her the lovelier she looked

 Blinding him away from wisdom.

…Girls who had once washed silk beside her

Were kept at a distance from her chariot.

And none of the girls in her neighbours’ houses

By pursing their brows could copy her beauty.

 

 

西施詠

王維

 

豔色天下重,西施甯久微。

朝爲越溪女,暮作吳宮妃。

賤日豈殊衆,貴來方悟稀。

邀人傅脂粉,不自著羅衣。

君寵益嬌態,君憐無是非。

當時浣紗伴,莫得同車歸。

持謝鄰家子,效颦安可希。

普通話教學-音素在普通話中的重要性以及特點

 

Mandarin Lesson

音素定義:是從音質角度劃分出來的最小語音單位。音素是構成各種語音片段的基本元素。普通話共32個音素,分元音(10)、輔音(22)兩大類。音素可以分為“元音”和“輔音”兩大類。

元音:氣流振動聲帶,在口腔、咽頭不受阻礙而形成的音。

輔音:氣流在口腔或咽頭受阻礙而形成的音。

元音與輔音的區別:
1  發元音聲道完全放開,呼出氣流在聲道內順利通行不受任何阻礙。
2  發輔音聲道某一部位封閉形成阻礙,氣流必須克服阻礙才能通過。
3  發元音,發音器官各部分緊張程度是均衡的;發輔音,形成阻礙的部位會特別緊張。
4  發元音呼出的氣流暢通無阻,氣流較弱;發輔音氣流則較強。 5發元音聲帶振動;發輔音,有的聲帶振動,有的不振動

普通話練習 -幽默故事-買電影票

 

Mandarin Lesson

 約翰是個小孩, 他才5歲。當他去電影院的時候。那是他第一次自己去。他買了票進去。但沒有過兩分鐘他就出來了,然後買了第二張票進去了。幾分鐘後他又出來買了第三張電影票。接著兩分鐘後他又出來買票。一個女的問她,“你為什麼要買那麼多票啊? 你見到了幾個朋友?” “沒有, 我裡面沒朋友, 但是每當我進門的時候一個叔叔總是把我的票給剪了”

Mandarin language learning HK – Chinese proverb -The Monkeys’ Ration

Mandarin Lesson

  There was once a man who raised monkeys at home. In time, he understood the monkeys quite well.
  The man was not rich and often had to cut down his household expenses to feed the monkeys. When times turned rough, he had to reduce the monkeys’feed as well.
  The man was afraid that the monkeys would not remain tame. To test their response, he told the monkeys, “Fro, now on, I’ll give each of you three chestnuts in the morning and four at night. Is that all right with you?”

 When the monkeys learned that their ration was to be reduced, they flew into a rage. Seeing how mad the monkeys were, the man corrected himself at once.

“All right,” he told them, “I’ll give you four chestnuts in the morning and three at night then.”

This satisfied the monkeys, and they all jumped for joy.

從前有個人,在家飼養了一批猴子。久而久之,他很了解猴子的感情。
養猴人並不富有,常常要節衣縮食去餵飽猴子。不過,當境況變得更壞時,他只好減少猴子的食糧。
養猴人生怕猴子會因此而變得不聽話,便用試探它們的口氣說:「從今天起,我每天早上給你們三顆栗子,晚上再給四顆,好嗎?」
猴子一聽到養猴人要減少它們的食糧,都非常生氣。
於是,養猴人馬上改口說:「那麼,改為早上給四顆,晚上再給三顆。」
猴子就感到滿意,歡欣鼓舞起來。